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Discussion Starter #21

In 2005, Michigan established several invasive species laws, creating lists of restricted and prohibited species, rules of possession, penalties for intentional introduction and releases, and a permit program. The new laws also established an Invasive Species Advisory Council, including the directors of the Departments of Natural Resources, Environmental Quality and Agriculture. The Council is responsible for reviewing and updating these lists as well as several other duties. The lists and rules of possession are included at the end of this section and can also be found on the Internet at The DNR is responsible for enforcement for plants and animals. The Department of Agriculture is responsible for enforcement related to insects. Michigan?s rules of possession and penalties apply to those who intentionally or knowingly introduce a prohibited or restricted species. To view the description of penalties, visit
Michigan also has laws and rules pertaining to aquatic plant control. A permit from the Department of Environmental Quality is required for the application of chemicals to any plant that is growing in standing water at the time of the application. Manual removal of Eurasian water milfoil, curly leaf pondweed, purple loosestrife or other invasive aquatic plants does not require a permit. In addition, anyone cutting plants of any species must remove them. A permit is also not required for the use of biological control such as Eurasian water-milfoil weevils.

Michigan Aquatic Invasive Species Laws

Michigan Public Acts 70-74 of 2005 define the following as prohibited and restricted aquatic fish and plant species and describe the rules of possession:

Prohibited and Restricted Species

"Prohibited fish species" means any of the following or the eggs thereof:
Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Bitterling (Rhodeus sericeus) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Ide (Leuciscus idus) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Japanese weatherfish (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalamus) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
A fish of the snakehead family (family Channidae) or a genetically engineered variant thereof.
Tench (Tinca tinca) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.

"Prohibited aquatic plant species" means any of the following or fragments or seeds thereof:
African oxygen weed (Lagarosiphon major) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Brazilian elodea (Egeria densa) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
European frogbit (Hydrocharis morsus-ranae) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Giant salvinia (Salvinia molesta, auriculata, biloba, or herzogii) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Japanese knotweed (Fallopia japonica) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Parrot's feather (Myriophyllum aquaticum) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Water chestnut (Trapa natans) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Yellow flag iris (Iris pseudacorus) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Yellow floating heart (Nymphoides peltata) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.

"Restricted aquatic plant species" means any of the following or fragments or seeds thereof:
Curly leaf pondweed (Potamogeton crispus) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Phragmites or common reed (Phragmites australis) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof.
Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria) or a hybrid or genetically engineered variant thereof, except for cultivars developed and recognized to be sterile and approved by the director of agriculture under section 16a of the insect pest and plant disease act, 1931 PA 189, MCL 286.216a.

Rules of Possession

(1) A person shall not knowingly possess a live organism if the organism is a prohibited species or restricted species, except under 1 or more of the following circumstances:
(a) The person intends to present a specimen of the prohibited species or restricted species, for identification or similar purposes, to a person who is a certified applicator or registered applicator under part 83, to a public or private institution of higher education, or to the department or any other state, local, or federal agency with responsibility for the environment or natural resources.
( B ) The person has been presented with a specimen of a prohibited species or restricted species for identification or similar purposes under subdivision (a).
© The person possesses the prohibited species or restricted species in conjunction with otherwise lawful activity to eradicate or control the prohibited species or restricted species.
(d) If the prohibited species or restricted species is not an insect species, the possession is pursuant to a permit issued for education or research purposes by the department under section 41306. If the prohibited species or restricted species is an insect species, the possession is pursuant to a permit issued for education or research purposes by the department of agriculture under section 41306 or by the United States department of agriculture.

(2) A person described in subsection (1)( B ) or © shall notify the department (of natural resources), the department of agriculture, or the department of environmental quality if the prohibited species or restricted species was found at a location where it was not previously known to be present.

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #22

Prohibited Invasive Species in Minnesota:

bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis)
black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus)
grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)
round goby (Neogobius melanostomus)
rudd (Scardinius erythrophthalmus)
ruffe (Gymnocephalus cernuus)
sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus)
silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix)
white perch (Morone americana)
zander (Stizostedion lucioperca)

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #23

The following prohibited species may be allowed under a Dept. of Agriculture and Commerce permit process where environmental impact has been assessed:

Fish Species
lampreys (Petromyzontidae)
piranha and pirambebas all species (Serrasalminiae)
banded tetra (Astyanax fasciatus)
Mexican tetra or silvery tetra (Astyanax mexicanus)
tiger characin or trahira (Hoplias malabaricus)
skinny tiger characin or biara (Raphidon vulpinus)
pencil or parasitic catfishes (Trichomycteridae)
airbreathing or walking catfishes (Clariidae)
bony-tongue (Osteoglossidae)
dorados (Salminus)
freshwater stingrays (Potamotrygonidae)
Nile perches (Lates and Luciolates)
African electric catfishes (Malapteruridae)
African tigerfishes (Alestidae/Hydrocyninae)
freshwater electric eels (Electrophoridae)
snakeheads (Channidae)
South American tigerfishes (Erythrinidae)
airsac catfishes (Heteropneustidae)
peacock bass or peacock ciclid (Cichla ocellaris)
South American pike characoids (Acestrorhynchus spp.and Ctenolucious spp.and Luciocharax (Boulengerella) spp.
African pike characoids (Hepsetus spp. and Ichthyboridae,
rhapiodontid characoids (Hydrolycus spp. and Raphiodon (Cynodon) spp.
banded knifefish (Gymnotus carapo)
mud carp, sandhkol carp (Cirrhinus spp. and Thynnichthys spp.)
rudd and roach (Scardinius spp. and Rutilus spp.)
old world breams (Abramis spp., Blicca spp., Megalobrama spp. and Parabramis spp.
old world chubs, ide and dace (Leuciscus spp.)
asps and yellowcheek (Aspius spp., Psedaspius spp., Aspiolucius spp. and Elopichthys spp.)
giant barbs and mahseers (Tor spp., Barbus tor and Barbus hexagonolepis
catla (Catla spp.)
whale catfishes (Cetopsidae)
pike killifish (Belonesox belizanus)
marine stonefishes (Synanceiidae)
ruffes and schraetzers (Gymnocephalus spp.)
zanders (Stizostedion lucioperca, S. volgense (volgensis) and S. marinum
cichlids (Crenicichla spp. and Batachops spp.)
Asian pikehead (Luciocephalus)
Plant Species
hydrilla (Florida elodea) (Hydrilla certicillata)
egeria (African elodea) (Egeria densa)
water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)
rooted hyacinth (Eichhornia azurea)
Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum)
water lettuce (Pistia stratiotes)
paperbark (Melaleuca) (Melaleuca quinquenervia)
Invertebrate Species
yabbie lobster (Cherax destructor)
zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha)
Tasmanian giant crayfish (Astacopsis spp.)

Dept. of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks list has not yet been developed, but walking catfish, piranha are prohibited under separate regulation.

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #24

Prohibited Species

Fish Species
shovelnose sturgeon (Scaphirhynchus platorhynchus)
paddlefish (Polyodon spathula)
spotted gar (Lepisosteus oculatus)
longnose gar (Lepisosteus osseus)
shortnose gar (Lepisosteus platostomus)
bowfin (Amia calva)
gizzard shad (Dorosoma cepedianum)
threadfin shad (Dorosoma petenense)
rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
golden trout (Oncorhynchus aquabonita)
cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarkii)
brown trout (Salmo trutta)
brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis)
coho salmon (Oncorhynchus kisutch)
northern pike (Esox lucius)
muskellunge (Esox masquinongy)
goldfish (Carassius auratus)
grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella)
common carp (Cyprinus carpio)
golden shiner (Notemigonus crysoleucas)
bluntnose minnow (Pimephales notatus)
fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas)
bigmouth buffalo (Ictiobus cyprinellus)
black bullhead (Ameirus melas)
yellow bullhead (Ameirus natalis)
brown bullhead (Ameirus nebulosus)
blue catfish (Italurus furcatus)
channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus)
flathead catfish (Pylodictis olivaris)
mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis)
white bass (Morone chrysops)
striped bass (Morone saxatilis)
green sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus)
pumpkinseed (Lepomis gibbosus)
warmouth (Lepomis gulosus)
orangespotted sunfish (Lepomis humilis)
Bluegill (Lepomis macrochirus)
longear sunfish (Lepomis megalotis)
redear sunfish (Lepomis microlophus)
smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu)
spotted bass (Micropterus punctulatus)
largemouth bass (Micropterus salmoides)
white crappie (Pomoxis annularis)
black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus)
yellow perch (Perca flavescens)
walleye (Stizostedion vitreum)
bighead carp (hypophthalmichthys nobilis)

northern crayfish (Orconectes virilis)
White River crayfish (Procambarus acutus)
red swamp crayfish (Procambarus clarkii)

tiger salamander (Ambystoma tigrinum)

A valid Missouri fishing permit to possess 100 non-game fish. You cannot collect or possess Missouri endangered and threatened species, and you can only take game species by hook and line, or as regulations permit.

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #25

Nebraska Game & Parks Commission

All species of snakeheads are illegal to possess in Nebraska. Currently that is the only species that is prohibited for aquariums in Nebraska. Nebraska does have laws pertaining to removing fish from the wild for use in aquariums, primarily in relation to permiting and size restriction. Also in regard to any species of concern.

The primary concern for us is the release of any fish from aquariums into the waters of the state. This practice is illegal in Nebraska. Written authorization is required for any release of fish into the water of the state.

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #26

-- the importation, transportation and possession of the following fish species (live, hybrids, viable embryos, or gametes) is prohibited in Nevada:

Common Name -- Scientific Classification
(1) Lampreys -- All species in the family Petromyzontidae
(2) Freshwater stingray -- All species in the family Potamotrygonidae
(3) Freshwater shark -- All species in the genus Carcharhinus
(4) Bowfin -- Amia calva
(5) Gars -- All species in the family Lepisosteidae
(6) Herring and shad, except threadfin shad -- All species in the family Clupeidae, except Dorosoma petenense
(7) European Whitefish -- All species in the genus Leuciscus
(8 ) Mexican banded tetra -- Astyanax mexicanus
(9) Piranhas -- All species in the genera Serrasalmus, Serrasalmo, Pygocentrus, Teddyella, Rooseveltiella and Pygopristis
(10) South American Parasitic Catfish -- All species in the families Cetoposidae and Trichomycteridae
(11) White perch -- Morone americana
(12) Freshwater drum -- Aplodinotus grunniens
(13) Grass carp, except certified triploids as authorized by a special permit -- Ctenopharyngodon idella
(14) Pike top minnow -- Belonesox belizanus
(15) Snakehead -- All species in the genera Ophicephalus and Channa
(16) Walking catfish -- All species in the genera Clarias, Heteropneustes and Dinotopterus
(17) Tiger fish -- Hoplias malabaricus
(18 ) Sticklebacks -- genera Apeltes, Eucalia, Gasterosteus and Pungitius
(19) Tilapia -- All species in the genera Tilapia and Sarotherodon
(20) Nile perch -- All species in the genera Lates and Luciolates
(21) Goldeye -- All species in the genus Hiodon
(22) Carp:
(I) Bighead -- Hypophthalmichthys nobilis
(II) Black (snail) -- Mylopharyngodon pisceus
(III) Crucian -- Carassius carassius
(IV) Indian -- Catla catla, Cirrhina mrigala and Labeo rohita
(V) Silver -- Hypophthalmichthys molitrix
(23) Rudd -- Scardinius erythrophthalmus

Source: Nevada Administrative Code (NAC) 503.110 (Restrictions on importation, transportation and possession of certain species.)

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #27

Prohibited Species - Importation and Possession

No person shall be issued a permit to import (Fis 803.03) or possess (Fis 804.03) the following designated prohibited wildlife:
Fish Walking catfish - Clarias batrachus
Grass carp/ white amur - Ctenopharyngodon idella
European rudd - Scardinius erythophthalmus
Round goby - Neogobius monachus

Invertebrates Zebra mussel - Dreissena polymorpha
All non-indigenous crayfish

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #28

New Jersey Division of Fish and Wildlife:

The only fish that is prohibited in New Jersey is the Snakehead Fish, and
although not fish species, we do not allow blue-ringed octopi or cone snails. No
one in New Jersey is allowed to possess one for any reason. If you are found in
possession the fines could be anywhere from $250.00 to $5,000.00.

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #29

C. Only members of the following families of fish (except as noted in Subsections D, and E of NMAC) will be considered for importation into New Mexico:
(1) Salmonidae
(2) Esocidae
(3) Percichthyidae
(4) Ictaluridae
(5) Centrarchidae
(6) Percidae

D. Ornamental aquarium fish advertised, sold and maintained for the express purpose of display in aquaria will be allowed into New Mexico. Ornamental aquarium fish include and are restricted to members of the families: Paratrygonidae, Osteoglossidae, Pantodontidae, Notopteridae, Mormyridae, Ctenoluciidae, Curimatidae, Gasteropelecidae, Lebiasinidae, Hemiodidae, Anostomidae, Citharinidae, Rhamphichthyidae, Cyprinidae (excluding the genera Hypophthalmichthys, Catla, Labeo, Rohita, Cirrhina, Leuciscus), Gyrinocheilidae, Bagridae, Cobitidae, Bagridae, Siluridae (excluding walking catfish), Schilbeidae, Pangasiidae, Mochokidae, Doradidae, Loricariidae, Aspredinidae, Melanotaeniidae, Pimelodidae, Hemirhamphidae, Callichthyidae, Gasterosteidae, Belonidae, Syngnathidae, Batrachoididae, Poeciliidae, Goodeidae, Cyprinodontidae, Centrarchidae, Centropomidae, Monodactylidae, Scatophagidae, Toxotidae, Badidae, Nandidae, Cichildae (excluding the genera Tilapia and Sarotherodon), Belontiidae, Anabantidae, Helostomatidae, Osphronemidae, Gobiidae, Eleotridae, Mastacembelidae, Tetraodontidae.

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #30

The following species are illegal to buy, sell, transport, or possess w/o a permit (issued for limited educational or scientific purposes):

(i) Silver carp (Hypophthalmicthys molitrix)

(ii) Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys nobilis)

(iii) Black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus)

(iv) Snakehead fish of the genera Channa and Parachanna (or the generic synonyms of Bostrychoides, Opicephalus, Ophiocephalus, and Parophiocephalus) of the Family Channidae, including but not limited to:

(a) Channa amphibius (Chel or Borna snakehead)

(b ) Channa argus (Northern or Amur snakehead)

(c ) Channa asiatica (Chinese or Northern Green snakehead)

(d) Channa aurantimaculata

(e) Channa bankanensis (Bangka snakehead)

(f) Channa baramensis (Baram snakehead)

(g) Channa barca (barca or tiger snakehead)

(h) Channa bleheri (rainbow or jewel snakehead)

(i) Channa cyanospilos (bluespotted snakehead)

(j) Channa gachua (dwarf, gaucha, or frog snakehead)

(k) Channa harcourtbutleri (Inle snakehead)

(l) Channa lucius (shiny or splendid snakehead)

(m) Channa maculata (blotched snakehead)

(n) Channa marulius (bullseye, murrel, Indian, great, or cobra snakehead)

(o) Channa maruloides (emperor snakehead)

(p) Channa melanoptera

(q) Channa melasoma (black snakehead)

(r ) Channa micropeltes (giant, red or redline snakehead)

(s) Channa nox

(t) Channa orientalis (Ceylon of Ceylonese Green snakehead)

(u) Channa panaw

(v) Channa pleurophthalmus (ocellated, spotted, or eyespot snakehead)

(w) Channa punctata (dotted or spotted snakehead)

(x) Channa stewartii (golden snakehead)

(y) Channa striata (chevron or striped snakehead)

(z) Parachanna africana (Niger or African snakehead)

(aa) Parachanna insignis (Congo, square-spotted African, or light African snakehead)

(bb) Parachanna obscura (dark African, dusky or square-spotted snakehead)

Source: 6 NYCRR Part 180 (New York State Dept. of Environmental Conservation Rules and Regulations). Website link below:

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #31

Controlled under state code and permit program.

A few black carp were imported into the state under a University of North Carolina Sea Grant study a few years ago, but none have been legally imported since. Plans are being made to ban black carp under the next regulation cycle.

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #32

-- it is unlawful for any person to possess, import, or sell live individuals of the following fish species (scientific names listed exactly as provided in code section) or hybrids of any such species at any given time:

1) walking catfish (Clarias batrachus),
2) diploid white amur or diploid grass carp (Ctenopharygodon idella),
3) silver carp -- white bream (Hypopthalmichtyhys molitirx),
4) black amur -- black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus),
5) bighead carp -- bighead -- bighead amur (Aristichthys nobilis),
6) rufe (Gymnocephalus cernuus),
7) round goby (Neogobius melanostomus),
8 ) tubenose goby (Proterorhynus marmoratus),
9) snakeheads (Channa spp. and Parachanna spp.),
10) white perch (Morone America),
11) three spine stickleback (Culaeea aculeatus),
12) sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus),
13) eastern banded killifish (Fundulus diaphanus diaphanus),

Souce: Ohio Dept. of Natural Resources, Division of Wildlife regulations, Ohio Administrative Code (OAC) 1501:31-19-01(A).

Link to Ohio Aquaculture Law Digest (requires Adobe Acrobat Reader)

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #33

800:20-1-2. List of restricted exotic species
(a) Until such time as is necessary for the Department of Wildlife Conservation to obtain adequate information for the determination of other harmful or potentially harmful exotic species, the importation into the State and/or the possession of the following exotic fish or their eggs is prohibited:

(1) Walking Catfish: The Walking Catfish, (Clarius batrachus) and other members of the exotic catfish family Claridae, including but not limited to species of the genera Clarias, Heteropneustes, Gymnallables, Channallabes, and Heterobranchus are prohibited. Any live specimens of walking Catfish or other Claridae species within the boundaries of the State of Oklahoma are contraband and subject to seizure by the Department of Wildlife Conservation.

(2) Grass carp: Release of grass carp, also known as white amur or Chinese carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) or their hybrids into public waters is prohibited in accordance with 29 O.S., Section 6-504. Importation, possession and introduction of grass carp or their hybrids for the purpose of stocking private waters is permitted.

(3) Boney-tongue group: Osteoglossum spp., and Arapaima spp.

(4) Piranha group: Serrasalmus spp., Pygocentrus spp., Rooseveltiella spp., Catoprion spp., Hydrocynus spp., and Salminus spp.

(5) Electric Eel (Electrophorus electricus).

(6) Electric catfish (Malapterus electricus).

(7) Gar-pike topminnow (Belonesox belizanus).

(8 ) Snakehead groups: Opicephalus spp., and Channa spp.

(9) Pavon or Peacock Bass (Chichla temensis and Chichia ocellaris).

(10) Parasitic South American Catfish group (Candiru), genera & species of the Trichomycteridae family. Vandellia spp., Tridens spp., and Pyqidium spp.

(11) Freshwater Stingray group: Paratrygon spp., Potomotrygon spp., and Disceus spp.

(12) Houri (from South America): Macrodon spp., and Hoplias spp.

(13) Rudd and rudd hybrids (Scardinius spp.).

(B ) The following species shall be permitted by application and written letter of authorization from the Department of Wildlife Conservation for research purpose only:

(1) Bighead carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix).

(2) Silver carp (Aristichthys nobilis).

(3) Black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus).

(4) Alewives (Aloso pseudoharengus).

(5) Rainbow smelt (Osmerus mordax).

(C ) Tilapia:

(1) The sale and use of all Tilapia species as bait is prohibited.

(2) The stocking of all Tilapia species in any heated-water reservoir including Sooner, Konawa and Boomer Reservoirs is prohibited.

(3) This shall not interfere with the sale of dead and/or processed Tilapia for human food or the sale or transport of Tilapia species for the purpose of aquatic vegetation control in privately owned ponds.

[Source: Amended at 8 Ok Reg 2005, eff 5-13-91]

800:20-3-2. List of declared noxious aquatic plant species

( a ) Pursuant to 29 O. S., Section 6-601, the following plants, seeds or plant parts are hereby declared to be noxious:

(1) Azolla pinnata - Mosquito Fern (aka - Water Velvet, Water Fern)
(2) Caulerpa taxifolia - Caulerpa (aka - Mediterranean Clone of Caulerpa)
(3) Eichhornia azure - Anchored Water Hyacinth (aka - Rooted Water Hyacinth, Blue Water Hyacinth, Saw-petal Water Hyacinth)
(4) Hydrilla verticillata - Hydrilla (aka - Florida Elodea, Star Vine, Oxygen Plant, Oxygen Weed)
(5) Hygrophila polysperma - Hygro (aka - Miramar Weed, Green Hygro, Oriental Ludwigia, East Indian Hygrophila)
(6) Ipomoea aquatica - Water Spinach (aka - Swamp Morning Glory, Chinese Water Spinach, Water Bindweed, Aquatic Morning Glory)
(7) Lagarosiphon major - African Elodea (aka - Oxygen Weed)
(8 ) Limnophila species - Ambulia (aka - Asian Marshweed, Limno, Red Ambulia, Indian Ambulia)
(9) Lythrum salicaria - Purple Loosestrife (aka - Loosestrife)
(10) Marsilea quadrifolia - Marsilea (aka - European Waterclover, Four-leaf Clover Fern, Water Fern, Water Clover, Hairy Pepperwort)
(11) Marsilea mutica - Australian Waterclover (aka - Varigated Water-clover, Nardoo)
(12) Marsilea minuta - Waterclover
(13) Melaleuca quinquenervia - Paperbark Tree (aka - Melaleuca, Cajeput, Punk)
(14) Monochoria hastata - Cat's Claw (aka - Monochoria)
(15) Ottellia alismoides - Duck Lettuce
(16) Sagittaria sagittifolia - Japanese Arrowhead (aka - Hawaiian Arrowhead, Common Arrowhead, Chinese Arrowhead)
(17) Salvinia auriculata - Giant Salvinia (aka - Butterfly Fern, Water Fern, Water Moss)
(18 ) Salvinia biloba - Giant Salvinia (aka - Salvinia)
(19) Salvinia herzogii - Giant Salvinia (aka - Salvinia)
(20) Salvinia molesta - Giant Salvinia (aka - Salvinia, Water Velvet, Karibaweed, Koi Kandy)
(21) Solanum tampicense - Wetland Nightshade
(22) Sparganium erectum - Exotic Bur-reed
(23) Glossostigma diandrum - Mud Mat

( b ) The following species are classified as "Species to Watch" and are not currently listed as noxious aquatic plants. However, they are aquatic plants whose impact on the Oklahoma environment is presently unknown, and therefore, may be considered for inclusion on the noxious aquatic plant list (above) as additional information becomes available to, and as deemed necessary by, the Department of Wildlife Conservation:
(1) Alternanthera philoxeroides - Alligator Weed (aka - Alligator-weed, Chaff Flower)
(2) Colocasia esculenta - Wild Taro (aka - Green Taro, Elephant Ear, Taro, Dasheen)
(3) Egeria densa - Brazilian Waterweed (aka - Common Waterweed, Brazilian Elodea, Anacharis, Oxygen Weed, Elodea)
(4) Eichhornia crassipes - Floating Water Hyacinth (aka - Water-hyacinth)
(5) Hydrocleys nymphoides - Water-poppy (aka - Hydrocleys, Hydrocleis)
(6) Iris pseudacorus - Yellow Iris (aka - Yellow Flag, Yellow Flag Iris)
(7) Ludwigia hexapetala - Uruguay Seedbox (aka - Water Primrose)
(8 ) Myriophyllum spicatum - Eurasian Watermilfoil (aka - European Watermilfoil, Watermilfoil, Fox Tail)
(9) Myriophyllum aquaticum - Parrotfeather (aka - Parrot's Feather, Watermilfoil, Golden Myriophyllum)
(10) Najas minor - Brittle Naiad (aka - Slender Naiad, Spiny leaf Naiad)
(11) Nymphoides peltata - Yellow Floating Heart (aka - Floating Heart)
(12) Panicum repens - Torpedo Grass (aka - Torpedograss)
(13) Pistia stratiotes - Water Lettuce
(14) Salvinia minima - Common Salvinia (aka - Water Spangles, Water Fern, Floating Fern, Salvinia, South American Pond Fern)
(15) Spirodela punctata - Dotted Duckweed (aka - Punctate Duckweed, Spotted Duckweed, Giant Duckweed)
(16) Trapa natans - Water Chestnut (aka - European Water Chestnut)

[Source: Added at 18 Ok Reg 2918, eff 7-1-01; Amended at 18 Ok Reg 2998, eff 7-2-01 (emergency); Amended at 19 Ok Reg 1525, eff 7-1-02]

Link to Oklahoma Administrative Code Title 800 - Department of Wildlife Conservation

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #34

Live specimens of the following fish species may not be imported, possessed, sold, purchased, exhanged, or transported in the state:

(A) Order Amiiformes
Bowfin - Amiidae - Amia calva.
(B ) Order Cypriniformes
(i) Piranha or Caribe - Characidae subfamily Serrasalminae - All species and hybrids except Serrasalmus, Pygocentrus and Pristobrycon pursuant to ORS 498.242 and OAR 635-011-0160(2);
(ii) Walking catfish (ORS 498.242) - Clariidae - All species and hybrids;
(iii) Oriental weatherfish - Cobitidae - Misgurnus anguillicaudatus;
(iv) Ide - Cyprinidae - Leuciscus idus;
(v) Rudd - Cyprinidae - Scardinius erythropthalmus.
(C ) Order Lepisosteiformes
Gar - Lepisosteidae - All species and hybrids.
(D) Order Perciformes
(i) Snakehead - Channidae - Channa All species and hybrids;
(ii) Round Goby - Gobiidae - Neogobius melanostemus;
(iii) Ruffe - Percidae - Gymnocephalus cernuus;
(iv) Zander or Pike-perch - Percidae - Stizostedion lucioperca.
(E) Order Salmoniformes
Pikes, Pickerel - Esocidae - All species and hybrids.

Source: Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife regulations, Oregon Administrative Rules (OAR) 635-056-0050 (Prohibited Species), subd. c.


13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #35

STOP Aquatic Nuisance Species

It is UNLAWFUL to possess, to introduce or import, transport, sell, purchase, offer for sale or barter the following live species in the Commonwealth: Snakehead (all species), Black Carp, Bighead Carp, Silver Carp, Zebra Mussel, Quagga Mussel, Round Goby and Tubenose Goby.

Aquatic nuisance species (ANS) are aquatic animals and plants that have been introduced into waterways in which they do not live naturally. They have harmful effects on the natural resources in these ecosystems and the human uses of these resources. Some other least-wanted ANS in Pennsylvania are European ruffe, sea lamprey, hydrilla, spiny water flea, purple loosestrife, Eurasian watermilfoil, Asian clam, and red-eared slider (turtle), Rusty Crayfish (Orconectes rusticus).

People are often the cause of ANS moving from one place to another. Help prevent the spread of ANS by doing the following:

? When retrieving your boat for the day, check your boat, motor and trailer for weeds and other items ?tagging along.?

? Wash your boat?s hull with hot water or with a high-pressure spray.

? Drain livewells, bilges and other compartments.

? Drain all standing water from the boat.

? Don?t dump leftover bait into the water you?re fishing, unless you collected the bait there.

Pennsylvania has laws for the propagation, stocking, transportation and importing of fish. See Chapter 71 of the Fish and Boat Code.

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #36

SECTION 50-13-1630. Importing, possessing or selling certain fish unlawful; special permits for research; Department shall issue rules and regulations.

(A) A person may not possess, sell, offer for sale, import, bring, or cause to be brought or imported into this State or release into the waters of this State the following fish or eggs of the fish:

(1) carnero or candiru catfish (Vandellia cirrhosa);

(2) freshwater electric eel (Electrophorus electricus);

(3) white amur or grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella);

(4) walking catfish or a member of the clariidae family (Clarias, Heteropneustea, Gymnallabes, Channallabes, or Heterobranchus genera);

(5) piranha (all members of Serrasalmus, Rooseveltiella, and Pygocentrus genera);

(6) stickleback;

(7) Mexican banded tetra;

(8 ) sea lamprey;

(9) rudd (Scardinius erythrophtalmu-Linneaus); and

(10) snakehead (all members of family Channidae).

(B) The department may issue special import permits to qualified persons for research and education only.

(C) The department may issue special permits for the stocking of nonreproducing white amur or grass carp hybrids in the waters of this State.

(D) It is unlawful to take grass carp from waters stocked as permitted by this section. Grass carp caught must be returned to the water from which it was taken immediately.

(E) The department must prescribe the qualifications, methods, controls, and restrictions required of a person or his agent to whom a special permit is issued. The department must condition all permits issued under this section to safeguard public safety and welfare and prevent the introduction into the wild or release of nonnative species of fish or other organisms into the waters of this State. The department may promulgate regulations necessary to effectuate this section and specifically to prohibit additional species of fish from being imported, possessed, or sold in this State when the department determines the species of fish are potentially dangerous.

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #37

Currently the only species of fish prohibited in South Dakota is snakehead fish.
Permission is required to import or stock public waters with fish species
non-native to South Dakota . Permission to import any fish except fathead
minnows, creek chubs, white suckers, or golden shiners, is required.

Having said that, South Dakota does not regulate sale and possession of aquarium fish. If aquarium fish are released into waters of the state they then would be regulated.

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #38

In order to manage and conserve our natural resources, Texas Parks and Wildlife Department must protect our state waters against the introduction of non-native aquatic species. Fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants that are not native to Texas may compete with native animals and plants for food and space.

The organisms listed on this page are legally classified as exotic, harmful, or potentially harmful. No person may import, possess, sell, or place them into water of this state except as authorized by rule or permit issued by the department. For more information, contact Joedy Gray, (512) 389-8037.

Fish | Shellfish | Aquatic Plants


Lampreys, Family Petromyzontidae
All species except Chestnut Lamprey, Ichthyomyzon castaneus and Southern Brook Lamprey, I. gagei

Freshwater Stingrays, Family Potamotrygonidae - All species

Arapaima, Family Osteoglossidae - Arapaima gigas

Dourados, Family Characidae, Subfamily Bryconinae -All species of genus Salminus

Rhaphiodontid Characoids, Family Characidae, Subfamily Rhaphiodontinae
All species of genera Hydrolycus and Rhaphiodon (synonymous with Cynodon)

South American Pike Characoids, Families Characidae and Ctenolucidae
All species of genera Acestrorhynchus, Ctenolucius (Boulengerella) and Luciocharax (Hydrocinus)

African Pike Characoids, Families Hepsetidae and Ichthyboridae - All species

South American Tiger Fishes, Family Erythrinidae - All species

African Tiger Fishes, Family Alestidae, Subfamily Hydrocyninae - All species

Piranhas and Pirambebas, Family Serrasalmidae, Subfamily Serrasalminae - All species

Freshwater Eels, Family Anguilliidae - All species except American Eel, Anguilla rostrata

Swamp Eels, Rice Eels or One-Gilled Eel, Family Synbranchidae - All species

Electric Eel, Family Electrophoridae - Electrophorus electricus

Carps, Family Cyprinidae - All species and hybrids of species of genera Ctenopharyngodon (Grass Carp), Mylopharyngodon (Black Carp), Aristichthys (Bighead Carp), Hypophthalmichthys (Silver Carp), Cirrhina (Mud Carp and relatives) and Thynnichthys (Sandhkol and other Thynnichthyid Carp)

Rudd and Roach, Family Cyprinidae - All species of genera Scardinius and Rutilus

Old World Breams, Family Cyprinidae - All species of genera Abramis, Blicca, Megalobrama and Parabramis

Old World Chubs, Ide, and Dace, Family Cyprinidae - All species of the genus Leuciscus

Asps and Yellowcheek, Family Cyprinidae - All species of the genera Aspius, Pseudaspius, Aspiolucius and Elopichthys

Giant Barbs, Mahseers, and Catla, Family Cyprinidae - All species of the genera Tor and Catla and the species Barbus tor (synonymous with Barbus hexagoniolepis)

Walking Catfishes, Family Clariidae - All species

Electric Catfishes, Family Malapteruridae - All species

South American Parasitic Catfishes, Family Trichomycteridae, Subfamilies Stegophilinae and Vandelliinae - All species

Whale Catfishes, Family Cetopsidae - All species

Airsac Catfishes, Family Heteropneustidae - All species of genus Heteropneustes

Pike Killifish, Family Poeciliidae - Belonesox belizanus

Marine Stonefishes, Family Synanceiidae - All species

Tilapia, Family Cichlidae - All species of genus Tilapia (including Sarotherodon and Oreochromis)

Snakeheads, Family Channidae - All species

Asian Pikeheads, Family Luciocephalidae - All species

Old World Pike-Perches, Family Percidae - All species of the genus Stizostedion except Walleye, Stizostedion vitreum and Sauger, S. canadense

Ruff, Family Percidae - All species of genus Gymnocephalus

Nile Perch, Family Centropomidae - All species of genera Lates and Luciolates

Seatrouts and Corvinas, Family Sciaenidae - All species of genus Cynoscion except Spotted Seatrout, Cynoscion nebulosus; Silver Seatrout, C. nothus and Sand Seatrout, C. arenarius


Crayfishes, Family Parastacidae - All species of genus Astacopsis

Mittencrabs, Family Grapsidae - All species of genus Eriocheir

Giant Ram's-horn Snails, Family Ampullariidae (synonymous with Pilidae) - All species of genus Marisa

Channeled Applesnail, Family Ampullariidae - Pomacea canaliculata

Zebra Mussels, Family Dreissenidae - All species of genus Dreissena

Penaeid Shrimp, Family Penaeidae - All species of genera Litopenaeus and Farfantepenaeus except White Shrimp, L. setiferus; Brown Shrimp, F. aztecus and Pink Shrimp, F. duorarum

Pacific Oyster, Family Ostreidae - Crassostrea gigas

Aquatic Plants

Giant Duckweed, Family Lemnaceae - Spirodela oligorhiza

Salvinia, Family Salviniaceae - All species of genus Salvinia

Waterhyacinth and Rooted Waterhyacinth, Family Pontederiaceae - Eichhornia crassipes and Eichhornia azurea

Waterlettuce, Family Araceae - Pistia stratiotes

Hydrilla, Family Hydrocharitaceae - Hydrilla verticillata

Lagarosiphon, Family Hydrocharitaceae - Lagarosiphon major

Eurasian Watermilfoil, Family Haloragaceae - Myriophyllum spicatum

Alligatorweed, Family Amaranthaceae - Alternanthera philoxeroides

Paperbark, Family Myrtaceae - Melaleuca quinquenervia

Torpedograss, Family Gramineae - Panicum repens

Water Spinach, Family Convolvulaceae - Ipomoea aquatica

Link to Texas Parks and Wildlife Prohibited Aquatic Species

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #39

From the Utah Department of Natural Resources regulations:

(1) All species of fish listed in Subsections (2) through (30) are classified as prohibited for collection, importation and possession, except:

a- Koi, Cyprinidae Family (Cyprinus carpio) is prohibited for collection, and noncontrolled for importation and possession;

b- all species and subspecies of ornamental fish not listed in Subsections (2) through (30) are classified as prohibited for collection, and noncontrolled for importation and possession; and

c- all species and subspecies of non-ornamental fish not listed in Subsections (2) through (30) are classified as prohibited for collection, and controlled for importation and possession.

(2) Carp, including hybrids, Cyprinidae Family, (All species, except Koi).

(3) Catfish:

a- Flathead catfish, Ictaluridae Family (Pylodictus olivaris);

b- Giant walking catfish (airsac), Heteropneustidae Family (All species);

c- Labyrinth catfish (walking), Clariidae Family (All species); and

d- Parasitic catfish (candiru, carnero) Trichomycteridae Family (All species).

(4) Herring:

a- Alewife, Clupeidae Family (Alosa pseudoharengus); and

b- Gizzard shad, Clupeidae Family (Dorosoma cepedianum).

(5) Killifish, Fundulidae Family (All species).

(6) Pike killifish, Poeciliidae Family (Belonesox belizanus).

(7) Minnows:

a- Bonytail, Cyprinidae Family (Gila elegans);

b- Colorado pikeminnow, Cyprinidae Family (Ptychocheilus lucius);

c- Creek chub, Cyprinidae Family (Semotilus atromaculatus);

d- Humpback chub, Cyprinidae Family (Gila cypha);

e- Least chub, Cyprinidae Family (Iotichthys phlegethontis);

f- Leatherside chub, Cyprinidae Family (Gila copei);

g- Red shiner, Cyprinidae Family (Cyprinella lutrensis);

h- Redside shiner, Cyprinidae Family (Richardsonius balteatus);

i- Roundtail chub, Cyprinidae Family (Gila robusta);

j- Sand shiner, Cyprinidae Family (Notropis stramineus);

k- Utah chub, Cyprinidae Family (Gila atraria);

l- Virgin River chub, Cyprinidae (Gila seminuda); and

m- Virgin spinedace, Cyprinidae Family (Lepidomeda mollispinis).

(8 ) Woundfin, Cyprinidae Family (Plagopterus argentissimus).

(9) Suckers:

a- Bluehead sucker, Catostomatidae Family (Catostomus discobolus);

b-Desert sucker, Catostomatidae Family (Catostomus clarki);

c- Flannelmouth sucker, Catostomatidae Family (Catostomus latipinnis);

d- June sucker, Catostomatidae Family (Chasmistes liorus);

e- Razorback sucker, Catostomatidae Family (Xyrauchen texanus);

f- Utah sucker, Catostomatidae Family (Catostomus ardens); and

g- White sucker, Catostomatidae Family (Catostomus commersoni).

(10) White perch, Moronidae Family (Morone americana).

(11) Cutthroat trout, Salmonidae Family (Oncorhynchus clarki)(All subspecies).

(12) Bowfin, Amiidae Family (All species).

(13) Bull shark, Carcharhinidae Family (Carcharhinus leucas).

(14) Drum (freshwater forms), Sciaenidae Family (All species).

(15) Gar, Lepidsosteidae Family (All species).

(16) Jaguar guapote, Cichlidae Family (Cichlasoma managuense).

(17) Lamprey, Petromyzontidae Family (All species).

(18 ) Mexican tetra, Characidae Family (Astyanax mexicanus, except blind form).

(19) Mooneye, Hiodontidae Family (All species).

(20) Nile perch, Centropomidae Family (Lates, luciolates) (All species).

(21) Northern pike, Esocidae Family (Esox lucius).

(22) Pirhana, Characidae Family (Serrasalmus, All species).

(23) Round goby, Gobiidae Family (Neogobius melanostomus).

(24) Ruffe, Percidae Family (Gymnocephalus cernuus).

(25) Snakehead, Channidae Family (All species).

(26) Stickleback, Gasterosteidae Family (All species).

(27) Stingray (freshwater), Dasyatidae Family (All species).

(28 ) Swamp eel, Synbranchidae Family (All species).

(29) Tiger fish, guavinus, Erythrinidae Family (Hoplias malabaricus).

(30) Tilapia, Cichlidae Family (Tilapia and Sarotherodon) (All species).

Source: Utah Administrative Code Rule 657-3-23:

13,248 Posts
Discussion Starter #40

4 VAC 15-30-10 - Possession, importation, sale, etc., of wild animals.

Under the authority of §§ 29.1-103 and 29.1-521 of the Code of Virginia it shall be unlawful to take, possess, import, cause to be imported, export, cause to be exported, buy, sell, offer for sale, or liberate within the Commonwealth any wild animal unless otherwise specifically permitted by law or regulation. Unless otherwise stated, for the purposes of identifying species regulated by the board, when both the scientific and common names are listed, the scientific reference to genus and species will take precedence over common names.

4 VAC 15-30-40 - Importation requirements, possession and sale of nonnative (exotic) animals. A. Permit required. A special permit is required and may be issued by the department, if consistent with the department's fish and wildlife management program, to import, possess, or sell those nonnative (exotic) animals listed below that the board finds and declares to be predatory or undesirable within the meaning and intent of § 29.1-542 of the Code of Virginia, in that their introduction into the Commonwealth will be detrimental to the native fish and wildlife resources of Virginia:

Order Family Genus/Species Common Name
Anura Buforidae Bufo marinus Giant or marine toad*
Pipidae Xenopus spp. Tongueless or African clawed frog
Caudata mbystomatidae Ambystoma tigrium Mavortium Barred tiger salamander
A. t. Diaboli Gray tiger
A. t. Melanostictum Blotched tiger Salamander

Order Family Genus/Species Common Name
Cypriniformes Catostomidae Ictiobus bubalus Smallmouth buffalo*
I. cyprinellus Bigmouth buffalo*
I. niger Black buffalo*
Characidae Pygopristis spp. Piranhas
Pygocentrus spp.
Rooseveltiella spp.
Serrasalmo spp.
Taddyella spp.
Cyprinidae Aristichyhys Nobilis Bighead carp*
Ctenopharyngodon idella Grass carp or white amur
Cyprinella lutrensis Red shiner
Hypophthalmichthys molitrix Silver carp*
Mylopharynogodom piceus Black carp
Scardinius erythrophthalmus Rudd
Tinca tinca Tench*
Gobiesociformes Gobiidae Proterorhinus marmoratus Tubenose goby
Neogobius melanostomus Round goby
Perciformes Cichlidae Tilapia spp. Tilapia
Gymnocephalus cernuum Ruffe*
Siluriformes Clariidae All Species Air-breathing catfish
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