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  1. Substrate Change

    Freshwater and Tropical Fish
    I'm looking to change my substrate in my 55 gallon. My current plan is to do it in sections (quarters or thirds) using a small divider and waiting a week or two in between to allow the bacteria to build up in the new substrate a bit before I remove more of the old. Would this be an effective...
  2. Substrate for angelfish

    Freshwater and Tropical Fish
    Do angelfish prefer thinner grained substrate or thicker? Sand, gravel or rocks? Thanks
  3. Best substrate

    Saltwater Fish
    Generally speaking, what substrate do puffer fish prefer?
  4. Benefits?

    Beginner Planted Aquarium
    Hello! I have no experience with live aquatic plants, but I currently have a flounder and Tuesday I am getting an axolotl. Out of curiosity, I figured I would investigate and see if there are any benefits to possibly adding live plants to my tank? It stays at a steady 70 degrees and has black...
  5. Stocking a 10 gallon tank - mollies, cory cats, and shrimp?

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    Hello! I'm planning my first 10 gallon freshwater tank, and I've decided I'd like to try to keep a few mollies. I'm new to fishkeeping, so thank you in advance for your guidance! My plan so far: 2 short-finned mollies (both female) 3-4 cory cats (pygmy maybe, to lower the bioload?) 3 amano...
  6. Need Help Changing Substrate

    Beginner Planted Aquarium
    I have a 55 gallon tank with 6 Angelfish a Bala Shark and several plants. I've had this tank established for almost a couple months shy of a year and the issue I'm having is the slow/absent growth of my plants. I have used fertilizers (not consistently) and a couple of months ago I added CO2...
  7. Lake Sand Substrate Concerns

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    Hi, I am new to the fish keeping world and I need a little help. I have access to a bunch of lake sand ( private property) , theres no issues with laws or any thing of that nature, however i do know they spray the lake once a year for plant population control. I do not know what chemicals...
  8. Changing substrate of tank

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    Hello all, I am considering changing out the substrate of my 75 gal tank and wanted to ask a few questions. I have attached two images of my tank. It is half sand and half gravel. I have had the tank setup for over a year now and would like to go all gravel. I am considering scooping out the...
  9. Important Questions before Adding Cichlids

    Greetings Everyone. Getting ready for my 125 gallon tank to become a Cichlid tank and just have some general tank questions: 1. I am using black lava rock which is not heavy at all. Is this ok to place directly on the bottom glass? I heard that I should do it that way because cichlids...
  10. Miracle Gro Organic Potting Mix~ HELP!

    Beginner Planted Aquarium
    I have no idea how to go about washing this stuff! I thought it would be as easy as sand but all the dirt floated! Someone guide me in your ways! :lol:
  11. Q1: Substrate advice

    Beginner Planted Aquarium
    I have looked into substrate and have found the following two that seem reasonable. Has anybody used either and what are their thoughts. Tetra plant complete substrate 5.8kg £13 and ADA Aqua Soil 9Lites £35 Both are enough to put a 2-3 cm layer on bottom of my tank. The only difference I...
  12. Cory Cat Deaths - is this a Substrate/ Water/ Disease or Aquarist issue?

    Tropical Fish Diseases
    Hello, Either my LFS is reprehensible (and i don't think they are), or there's a major tank problem. ...Or a major “me” problem. I've clearly messed up, made rookie mistakes, possibly relied a little too much on my LFS for advice… but how can I do right by these last little...
  13. Improving plant life

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    Hello! I did some searching in the forum about this and found tips on replacing tank rocks with soil and substrate. But I'm looking for info on adding soil and substrate to my rocks. The reason I want to mix it in or simply lay a layer on top is because currently I have a successful planted...
  14. Lake sand as a substrate?

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    Hi - total newbie here. Just acquired a 100 gal tank, planning on taking it slowly to build a planted community tank! I've read through a number of threads on substrates and the relative advantages/disadvantages of sand v gravel etc. I favor sand. Now, I've seen recommendations for pool...
  15. Need help with setting up 15gal tank with liveplants

    Beginner Planted Aquarium
    Hi friends, First of all, I am new to the fish world. I have read about the nitrogen cycle. I need help with setting up an aquarium with live plants. I currently have a 15gal tank (2ft-1ft-1ft) with an Internal filter with 140G/h filter capacity. I need help with the kind of substrate to...
  16. Potential Anaerobic Conditions?

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    Would appreciate some advice on a new planted 75 gallon tank I'm establishing. The substrate is about 1 1/2 " organic soil capped with fine gravel (#3 grade) ranging in depth from 2 to 3 1/2 ". Based on some recent reading, I'm concerned about potential anaerobic conditions setting up and...
  17. Cory Cat Substrate

    Hi Everyone! I am thinking about getting some cory cats in my 10 gallon. Right now, I have a gravel substrate. One person on a different forum had the same gravel and said her cories were fine, and I really don't want to have to change my substrate, so what do you guys think? I have this...
  18. Need help choosing substrate

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    As the title says, I need help choosing a substrate. The reason I just didn't go off someone else's post is because I have specific factors that need to be considered because of my water and the fish I will be getting. I would really apreciate the names of good brands along with your posts to...
  19. Need Help Deciding on Plants for 20 gallon Betta Sorority

    Beginner Planted Aquarium
    Hello All! In a few months I will be geting a 20-23 gallon tank with Tetra 10-30i filter and heater and I need help choosing which plants will work best for me. I have posted all the information I think yall will need below. I have no problem with the extra work required for fast growing plants...
  20. Water Plants With Longest and Most Roots?

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    Can anyone recommend to me some names of water plants with the most and the longest roots? I want to oxygenate the sand in my "swamp" tank, and I dont want hydrogen sulfide bubbles forming (it seems that the hydrogen sulfide is cut down drastically if the air pump is on (and the milky white...