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  1. New Planted Tank With New Guppies

    Advanced Freshwater Discussion
    So I Am looking to set up my tank. It is a 20gal tank with an under gravel filter and gravel. I would like to get a cylinder filter. Questions listed below. 1. Should I ditch the under gravel filter? 2. What should I cover the pump inlets with to prevent the fish from getting sucked up against...
  2. How to keep airstone buried?

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    Hey everyone, My airstone won't stay under the gravel I place on top of it. I bury it, but in a few hours, it's only halfway buried, and by the next day, it's on top of the gravel. I have plenty of slack in the tubing, so I don't think that's the problem, but I could be mistaken. If you know of...
  3. Substrate/gravel questions

    Beginner Planted Aquarium
    Hi, I'm new to the site and have a couple questions about how to lay out the substrate in a planted tank and which substrate to use. I am planning on using fluorite, and I want to know if I can use it as a bottom layer and top in with a more atractive gravel. Also, is fluorite the best choice of...
  4. Gravel hoovering

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    When you use the gravel vacuum. Do you: 1) Hoover loose rubbish off the top Or 2) stick Hoover into gravel to suck up rubbish lower down?
  5. Cory Cat Substrate

    Hi Everyone! I am thinking about getting some cory cats in my 10 gallon. Right now, I have a gravel substrate. One person on a different forum had the same gravel and said her cories were fine, and I really don't want to have to change my substrate, so what do you guys think? I have this...
  6. Sand Vs Gravel

    Freshwater Aquarium Equipment
    I've been running my 3 tanks (30G, 75G, 160G) with gravel and I recently purchased a tiger shovelnose catfish, before reading that they do better with sand or no substrate due to them potentially eating the gravel and not being able to digest it. Will this hurt/kill the fish? Should I change...
  7. Fine Plant Substrate question

    Beginner Planted Aquarium
    Hi guys and gals I was looking at some cheap aquarium substrates for my 46 gallon tank. I'm looking to having live plants in it and was wondering what types of substrates would be best. I've read Bryon's 4 page sticky on planted tanks and concluded that a 1-2mm gravel should be good for a...
  8. Best way to clean 1.5 gal tank

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    Hi everyone. I'm new to the forums. I have a 1.5 gal tank, and I'm trying to figure out the best way to clean it. Using a pump just sucks up too much of the water at a time. I don't have any gravel at the bottom of the tank, but what ends up happening is that I just have a lot of fish waste &...
  9. Best lighting for a non-planted tank

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    I was reading that fish like dark surroundings and dimly lit water because they show their best colors and are less stressed. That's strike two for me, I have white gravel and 2 fluorescent lights. I want to get darker gravel but I don't know what kind of light to get. I have a 10 gallon with a...
  10. Does Java fern grow normally in gravel?

    Beginner Planted Aquarium
    kinda weird... I planted a java fern in my tank gravel a few months ago, and a few weeks after planting it in the gravel, it was growing fine! (at least I think so). The problem is, all the websites and books I read about Java fern say that it MUST be tied to rock/wood or whatever. So, I...
  11. Dual Substrate

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    I am setting up my first aquarium that will have live plants. What an adventure. I have been reading and researching extensively, but have not been able to reconcile an issue of great import. I have come away with small gravel for plants, to avoid the compaction that is possible with sand...
  12. Cat litter for substrate?

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    I've read in a few places that cat litter can be used as a substrate. I can't seem to find much info on it, and I have a few questions: 1. Would this be compatible with plecos or catfish? 2. Can you grow all or any aquarium plants in it? 3. Is it safe? Thank you for your time :-)
  13. tank with new substrate! etc.

    Freshwater Journals
    a few days ago i finally got gravel for my tank. it looks great but the tank is now a lot darker because light isn't being reflected off the bottom anymore. also, although the amount i got was enough to cover the bottom, it's only about an inch deep which probably isn't enough for the plants i...
  14. a few questions about stocking and gravel...

    Freshwater and Tropical Fish
    yet another thread...i really am addicted to this site :-P so i have a few more questions...yes, MORE questions. first, how much gravel (kilos) do you think i need for a 15 gallon tank (24 x 12 x 15 inches...approximate measurements) second, can anyone recommend some nice south-east asian...
  15. Sand vs Gravel

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    I like Corydoras and was thinking of setting up my new 20 gallon tank with a sand bottom. I know gravel in a tank really helps with the growth of beneficial bacteria. Can the same bacteria grow as easily in sand? Will it take longer to cycle a tank with sand?
  16. Using Sand as a substrate

    Beginner Freshwater Aquarium
    I really am interested in using sand instead of gravel because all the sand aquariums i see are so beautiful. But I am wondering how hard it is to keep clean. Is it worth all the work or should i just go with natural gravel. (I'm redoing my aquarium as i am sick of my hot pink glow plants and...
  17. Help planting new 35 gal hex with fish scheme

    Beginner Planted Aquarium
    Hi, I have a new aquarium and am new to fish keeping. I have had it about a week and a half and have pretty well decided on a stocking scheme. 4-6 Swordtails 1 Rubber nose pleco 5-6 Glowfish 4-6 corydoras or khuli loaches I have two main areas of question. I have some strait vallis and...