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Freshwater and Saltwater Diseases and Medications

This is a discussion on Freshwater and Saltwater Diseases and Medications within the Tropical Fish Diseases forums, part of the Freshwater Fish and Aquariums category; --> * A word of warning: When using the meds, please do not mix them unless it is advisable. Mixing the meds can be dangerous ...

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Freshwater and Saltwater Diseases and Medications
Old 10-31-2007, 09:49 AM   #51
 
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Medicines

*A word of warning: When using the meds, please do not mix them unless it is advisable. Mixing the meds can be dangerous to the fish. After using one med, use activated carbon in the filter to remove the med and you can use another. This will enable you to use another med without the risk of mixing them.

Furthermore, please do not use the medicines until you are sure of what you are doing. Consult a person with full knowledge in the hobby first before you proceed with the treatments.


Acriflavine
Ingredients: acriflavine
Diseases: Brooklynella hostilis, Costia (Ichtyhobodo necatrix), Columnaris, Carp Pox, Fin Rot and other diseases related to bacterial infections
Comments: Acriflavine is found mainly as ingredient in several medications and is very effective in most bacterial infection cases.
Warning: You should wear gloves and protect all surfaces with plastic. It will stain the glass inside the aquarium meaning it is difficult to remove. All surfaces affected will need to do some serious cleaning which isn't easy. Use thick papertoweling or a rag when cleaning the whole inside as the acriflavine sticks.

A quarantine tank with bare bottom and sponge type filter is the best way to prepare for using it. Something that can be broken down and set back up easily after cleaning would be your best bet.

Aquari-Sol
Diseases: ich

Aquarium Salt-Freshwater
Diseases: ich
Comments: reduces stress especially nitrite poisoning, treats ich

On another note, this is not really necessary. Table salt is a cheaper alternative. There is no cause for concern with its iodine and anti-caking agents.

Bettamax
Ingredients: 250 mg capsule, Nitrofurazone, Methylene Blue, PVP, Vitamins, NaCl, Sulfas: Methazine, Diazine and Merazine
Diseases: Specific for bettas, guppies, and all fancy fin fish. Treats listlessness, poor appetite, splits and holes in fins and tail, poor colour, poor water quality, vitamin deficiency, bacterial infections, fungal infections

Binox
Ingredients: nitrofurazone, sodium chloride
Diseases: fungus, fin/tail/mouth rot, hemorrhage septicemia, swim bladder disorder, dropsy and cloudy eyes.

BSB (Broad Spectrum Bactericide) by The Aquarium Doctor
Claims: Very effective cure for fin rot, gill disease, fungus, ulcers, wounds and bacterial disorders in all fishes.

Chloramine T
Diseases: bacterial infections, costia, trichodina, chilodonella, ich, gyrodactylus, dactygyridae
Comments: For more information, please proceed to this site.

Clout
Ingredients: trichlorfon, malachite green, hydroxychloroquine

Copper Sulfate
Diseases: most protozoans, nemotodes, copepods, flukes
Comments: It must be noted it is very dangerous to use copper sulfate when treating your tank. A copper test kit is required at this rate when treating regardless of it being chelated or unchelated. It must match the type of copper being used, chelated or unchelated, if the test is incompatible with the type of copper being used, you won't get an accurate reading for that. It is best to treat in a hospital tank only as even small traces cannot be removed from the main tank easily.

Copper can harm and destroy all invertebrates and plants so think before you add it to your main community tank. This eventually leads to dire effects on the fish as well as other aquatic life.

Cuprazin
Diseases: Whitespot, Oodinium, Benedenia, Trichodina and fungal infections

Dimilin
Ingredients: purely dimilin available in liquid or powder form
Diseases: anchorworms (Lernaea elegans), fish lice, ergasilus

Discomed
Ingredients: 250mg capsules of Levamisole, NaCl, Piperazine, Magnesium sulfate and Neomycin Sulfate Activity
Diseases: Intestinal flagellates
Comments: This is another alternative to Levamisole hydrochloride which is an anti-worm agent.

Epsom Salts
Ingredients: pure Magnesium sulfate
Diseases: dropsy/bloat, intestinal flagellates

Erythromycin
Diseases: gram negative bacteria, intestinal flagellates, erythrodermatitis, hemorrhage septicemia
Comments: It was noted to be quite effective when the pH is neutral or slightly alkaline.

Fenbendazole
Diseases: roundworms, hookworms, whipworms, tapeworms
Comments: It is considered a very effective treatment against camallanus worms.

Flubenol
Comments: Available in UK only.

Formalin
Diseases: ich, external protozoans

Formalite II
Ingredients: Formaldehyde 15%, Copper and Nickel Sulfate
Diseases: ich, velvet disease, collapsed fins, white body blotches, marine ich (Cryptocarion irritans
Comments: Due to copper sulfate content, this should be used only in quarantine tanks. Copper traces can destroy invertebrates.

Furacyn
Ingredients: 100 mg capsules, Nitrofurazone Activity
Diseases:red areas and body streaks, peeling or white body slime, open ulcers, wasting away, bacterial infections, ammonia exposure, furunculosis, columnaris

Furanase
Diseases: mouth fungus, tail rot, cotton-wool disease, black molly disease

Goldfix
Ingredients: NaCl, sodium thiosulphate (chlorine treatment aka fixer), nitrofurazone, polyvinyl-pyrrolidone, triethylene glycol, acriflavine, potassium dichromate.

Hex-A-Mit
Ingredients: 250 mg capsule, Metronidazole Activity
Diseases: white dots or body velvet, holes in the head or sinus area, weight loss, not eating and wasting away, unexplained deaths which can be minimized, marine Ich or protozoans, fresh and marine protozoans

Interpet Anti Internal Bacteria (Fish Health Treatment Number 9)
Ingredients: Bronopol (522mg), Formaldehyde (900mg) and Benzalkonium Chloride (250mg)
Comments: All check out as being legitimate fish treatments pretty much, in fact for bacteria and parasites but would have to be considered as very aggressive and crude. It's a two part treatment and you must dose the second part after 4 days. Like all aggressive treatments using it with another treatment would be nuts. You don't do water changes during treatment (one week) so advise large change prior to dosing so as to not have high nitrates - this I think is pretty important in e.g. a fully stocked cichlid tank. After dosing and waiting out as per directions run carbon or do very large water changes over a couple of days.

It has no antibiotic agent.

Does it work ? I don't know. I read up on the active ingredients and they scared me.lol I went with good old fashioned large daily changes for a week and my problem resolved. I would use only in cases where this has been tried and is not working, fish are dieing, and you don't have access to e.g. Maracyn/Maracyn 2.

On another issue, it does say on the box "harmful to aquatic organisms. may cause long term adverse effects in the aquatic environment"....

It does claim to be plant and bacterial filtration safe nonetheless. I can't see that it would be harmful to inverts as no copper.

Finally, I believe it is not really a specifically anti-bacterial treatment - the formaldehyde and Bronopol is also indicated for parasites.

Best way to use it IMO is buy it, read the box, show the fish the box, explain that if they don't get better then they're getting this stuff. It will terrify them back to health.

Interpet Liquisil General Tonic
Ingredients: Bronopol, Copper, Formaldehyde, Silver Proteinate
Extreme Caution:
This is a medicine not advisable for use. Why? After a few research done by a fellow member, Bronopol which is one of its active ingredients has the potential to kill all livestocks and plants if not used properly. It is highly toxic even to the users. Copper is another matter and should not be used where invertebrates are concerned.

The silver proteinate is for staining purposes and can block out light which can kill most fungal developments.

Jungle Fungus Eliminator (crystals)
Ingredients: NaCl, Nitrofurazone, furazolidone, potassium dichromate.
Diseases: Columnaris, furunculosis, Costia, dropsy, fin and mouth rot, white film on eyes (usually cataracts and cloudy eyes), hemorrhage septicemia and swim bladder disorder
Comments: It is an effective treatment for fungal infections on bettas, however it can damage live plants.

Jungle Ick Guard
Ingredients: .20% triethylene glycol, victoria green, nitromersol, acriflavine
Diseases: treats Ich (white spot)

Kanacyn
Ingredients: 150 mg capsules, Kanamycin Sulfate, and NaCl
Diseases: full spectrum skin absorbing antibiotic, treats hemorrhage, red body patches, rotting fins and tail rot, protruding or loss of scales, furunculosis, bacterial infections, fungal infections, internal infections.

Kordon Ich Attack
Diseases: ich, other protozoans, dinoflagellates, and fungus
More information can be found here

Levamisole hydrochloride
Ingredients: purely levamisole hydrochloride
Diseases: roundworms, lungworms, nematodes, nodular worms, hookworms, stomach worms

Not effective against flukes, flatworms and tapeworms as experimented by Chefkeith of Lpaches Online.
Comments: This is often used in cattles however it has proven itself effective in fish as well. It is used as a defense mechanism against parasites found among wild-caught fish particularly loaches.

Levamisole hydrochloride has been found labelled in other names and is also found as an ingredient in some medications. It is light-sensitive and should be stored in a cool and dark place. It is worth noting that it is also found as Levasole.

Life Bearer
Ingredients: 0.0-dimehyl, 1-hydroxybenzol, 2-trichloromethyl phosphate
Diseases: flukes and fish lice

Lufenuron
Diseases: fish lice, anchorworm, ergasilus
Claims: Proven to be quite effective against parasites and is an active ingredients in flea dog sprays.

Malachite Green
Diseases: ich, fungus, saprolegnia
Comments: Heavy dosage can harm your plants and beneficial bacteria.

Maracide-freshwater
Ingredients: Tris (hydroxy-methyl) aminomethane, dibromohydroxymercurifluorescein, aniline green.
Diseases: Ich, Velvet, protozoan diseases, chilodonella (blueish-white film on fish) Trichodina (extra mucus and cloudiness of skin) and other external freshwater parasites

Maracyn
Ingredients: 200mg Erythromycin activity
Diseases: gram positive bacterial infections, fin and tail rot, popeye, body fungus

Maracyn II
Ingredients: 10 mg Minocycline
Diseases: gram negative bacterial infections, dropsy, hemorrhage septicemia, popeye, fin and tail rot.

MarOxy
Diseases: true fungal infections on fish and eggs and bacterial disease

Melafix
Ingredients: melaluca oil
Diseases: wounds and tattered fins, bruises
Warning: There were some situations where Melafix itself proved fatal on some fish species.

Mercurochrome
Diseases: fungus, carp pox
Comments: Mercurochrome is used to "paint" the fish's wounds or fungus infection.

Methylene Blue
Diseases: skin and gill flukes, velvet, fungus, ich, chilodonella, costia,
Comments: It is a strong medicine and should be dosed in half for scaleless fish. Artificial aeration is not necessary since it increases the breathing capacity of the fish so do not be surprised if you see a fish appearing to be breathing heavily.

Metronidazole
Diseases: Internal Parasites, Hexamita or Hole-in-the-Head Disease
Comments: This is effective in most cases against internal parasites which can be characterized by white stringy poo in the fish's anus.

Myxazin
Diseases: fin rot, body rot, ulcers, sores and other bacterial infections, exophthalmus, cloudy eyes and mouth fungus.

Neomycin
Ingredients: 200 mg, Neomycin Sulfate
Diseases: internal swelling, open sores, body and fin rot, colour and weight loss, wasting away

Nitrofura G
Ingredients: 200mg capsule, Furazolidone, Methyblue, Potassium Dichromate
Diseases: red patches, fin and tail rot, goldfish disease, bacterial infections, furunculosis

Nitrofurazone
Diseases: cloudy eyes, eroding fins and tails, external bacterial infections, and minor abrasions and wounds
Claims: (Source not noted) Nitrofurazone is the antibiotic of choice for most bacterial problems. Nitrofurazone does not inhibit nitrifying bacteria, so fish may be treated in the display aquarium if necessary. An additional benefit of nitrofurazone is that it may be safely triple-dosed in difficult cases. Nitrofurazone will color the water yellow during treatment, but this color will quickly disappear after filtering through activated carbon. Dissolve nitrofurazone in aquarium water at 50 mgs per gallon every other day for seven days (four treatments) with a 25% water change between dosages. The level of medication in the aquarium will build up over the course of the treatments despite the water changes. Nitrofurazone may also be added to food at 6 mgs. Per 4 ounces (.05 mgs/gram) of food twice a day for nine days. If you find that nitrofurazone is ineffective against a particular for a bacterial problem; try a preparation of tetracycline according to its manufacturer's recommendations.
~Source unknown but extracted from Philippine Discus club by Jim Quarles.~

Octozin
Diseases: Hole in the head, seawater angelfish and clownfish disease, dropsy, marine ich

Organi-cure
DiseaseS: oodinium, costia, tetrahymena, and saltwater ich (cryptocaryon)

Paragon
Ingredients: Dibromohydroxymercuriluorescein, Malachite Green
Diseases: ectoparasites
Comments: Do not use for discus.

Paragon 2
Ingredients: Metronidazole, Neomycin sulphate, Furazolidone, Naladixic acid & Sodium chloride
Diseases: Bacterial and parasite infections

Parazin
Diseases: fish lice (Argulus), anchor worm (Lernea), gill maggots (Ergasilus)
Comments: Parazin is safe with fish, plants and filtration. Before use: Read instructions carefully. Switch off u.v. sterilisers and remove carbon and/or ammonia removers. Replace after 10 days.

Penicillin
Ingredients: Potassium Penicillin Activity
Diseases: General anti-fungal anti-bacterial, treats fin and tail rot, protruding or cloudy eyes, mouth sores, white cottony patches, bacterial infections (both gram-positive and gram-negative), popeye, gill disease, fungal infections

Pimafix
Ingredients: Pimenta racemosa
Diseases: wounds, fungus, other stubborn diseases
Comments: This tonic has been known to be quite effective when combined with Melafix. It is safe for use in reef tanks and scaleless fish.

Pipazine
Ingredients: 250 mg capsule, Pipazene Citrate
Diseases: Use when introducing new fish, contaminated food, Parasites, capillaria and parasites in food

Potassium Permanganate
Diseases: chilodonella, tetrahymena, trichodina, gill flukes, anchorworms
Claims: A 2 mg/L treatment is usually effective for ponds with relatively clear water. Potassium permanganate reacts with organic matter and becomes neutralized and unavailable to treat the target parasite. The greater the amount of organic matter in a pond, the more potassium permanganate required to achieve the desired chemical concentration. Therefore, a pond with moderate to heavy algal blooms will require a higher treatment rate to neutralize the organic matter in the pond and still achieve the desired concentration of 2 mg/L.

One popular method of treatment is to begin with an application of 2 mg/L potassium permanganate. If the pond remains pink to purple in color for 8--12 hours, then an effective treatment is assumed to have occurred, and no additional chemical is required. However, if within a 12-hour period, the pond turns brown, then an additional 1--2 mg/L treatment is required, depending on how quickly the pond turned brown. It is recommended that treatment begin in the morning so that the pond can be watched for the next 8- to 12-hour period, and any color change can be easily detected.

Praziquantel
Diseases: flukes, tapeworms, intestinal flagellates
Comments: It is not effective against camallanus worms.

Protozin
Diseases: ich, fungus, neon tetra disease, velvet, costia, trichodina
Comments: Do not use when rays or momyrids are present.

Quinslex
Ingredients: 250 mg Quinine Activity
Diseases: Ich, white body blotches, parasites, brooklynella, cryptocaryon

Romet
Ingredients: sulfadimethoxine and ormetoprim
Diseases: erythrodermatitis, Edwardsiella ictaluri infections, Aeromonas infections,
Comments: Another product approved for use on food fish by FDA.

Sera Bakto Tabs
Diseases: Dropsy
Comments: Please carry out treatment once any of the dropsy symptoms (protruding scales, bloated abdomen and pop eyes) appear.

Sera Baktopur
Ingredients: acriflavine, methylene blue, phenylglycol, aqua purificata ad
Diseases: septicemia, dropsy, fungus, columnaris, fin rot, mouth rot
Comments: It is best to use it only in the quarantine tank as it can harm the beneficial bacteria. This can be ineffective once the fish has reach the final stages of dropsy or if the scales are already pineconing or protruding.

Sera Baktopur Direct
Diseases: serious bacterial infections, septicemia, dropsy
Comments: This is a very effective medicine and may harm your biological filtration. So when treating, try to treat the fish in a hospital tank.

Sera Costapur
Diseases: Ich, Costia, Chilodonella, Trichodina

Sera Cyprinopur
Ingredients: dihydroxybenzol, ethanol
Diseases: external parasites, spring virosis
Comments: This medicine is sold in bulk as it is designed for ponds, however it can be used in the aquarium to treat diseases and external parasites like camallanus, anchorworms, fish leech and fish lice.

Sera Mycopur
Diseases: fungus (Saprolegnia) and skin and gill flukes

Sera Omnipur
Diseases: Bacterial infections, fin rot, fungal infections (Saprolegnia, Achlya), skin slime (Costia, Chilodonella), Trichodina, Oodinium, gill and skin flukes (Dactylogyrus or Gyrodactylus), skin injuries and wounds.

Sera Oodinopur A
Ingredients: Copper sulfate
Diseases: freshwater and saltwater Oodinium
Comments: It's best not to use it in a tank containing invertebrates. For saltwater, when using this med, please switch off protein skimmers and ozonizers.

Spectrogram
Ingredients: 150 mg capsule, Kanamycin Sulfate, Nitrofurazone activity
Diseases: bloated abdomen, red patches, hemorrhages, white body slime, dropsy, bacterial infections, furunculosis, columnaris, fungus

Sterazin
Diseases: gill and body parasites, round worms, thread worms, intestinal worms
Comments: Do not use when crustaceans, echinoderms, rays, seawater sharks, pirahna, sturgeon or sterlets and related species are present. In these instances use Waterlife PARAGON.

Super Sulfa
Ingredients: 150 mg capsule, Sulfamethazine, Sulfathiazole, Sulfadiazine, Sulfamerazine, Sodium Lauryl Sulfate
Diseases: wide spectrum anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, treats cottony patches, fin and tail rot, white body and fin patches, fungal infections, molly disease, columnaris

Super Velvet Plus
Ingredients: Acriflavine and sodium chloride
Diseases: Velvet Specific, treats Velvet, body shimmy, collapsed fins, white patches on fish, body fungus.

Terramycin
Ingredients: Oxytetracycline
Diseases: erythrodermatitis, enteric red mouth (Yersinia ruckeri), aeromonas and pseudomonas infection among catfish
Comments: This has been approved for use on food catfish such as channel catfish by the FDA.

Tetracycline
Ingredients: 250 mg capsule of Tetracycline Hydrochloride activity
Diseases: antibiotic, treats ulcers and open soars, frayed fins, mouth and body sores, abdominal bloat, red patches, bacterial infections, livebearer disease, fungal infections, dropsy, furunculosis

Trichlorfon (Masoten)
Diseases: monogenean flukes, Gyrodactylus (skin fluke) and Dactylogyrus (gill fluke), as well as leeches and crustacean ectoparasites. Argulus (fish lice) and Lernaea (anchor worm), Trichodina spp. Ergasilus spp
Claims: It is not a recommended drug as it has proven itself harmful for human and animal use. It is available under its trade name Bayer Masoten, Metriphonate or Dylox and pet store medicines such as Dylox and Life-bearer (all information mentioned above) and has been banned in many countries.

Vitamix Plus
Ingredients: Vitamins, A, B6, B12, C, D, E, Thiamine, Niacin, Riboflavin, Phytosterois, Minerals, Amino Acids and Preservatives
Diseases: prevention of Avitaminosis, loss of colour, listlessness, poor diet, dietary stress, poor growth
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