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Tropical Fish Keeping - Aquarium fish care and resources » Tropical Fish Profiles » Severum

Discuss the Severum in our Cichlids forum.


Scientific Name: Heros efasciatus
Family: Cichlidae

About the Severum

Species Type: Freshwater Fish
Category: Cichlids

Care Level: Very Easy. Will tolerate a wide range of water parameters including pH, temperature and hardness. Can tolerate higher nitrate levels than other fish and is hardy enough to withstand the cycling process. Will readily eat prepared foods and has no special care requirements.

Origin: South America

Compatibility/Temperament: 3


The severum is a large popular South American Cichlid growing to 8 inches and over.

Severums are fairly peaceful for cichlids. They should, however, be kept with similar-sized fish, as they may pick on smaller, slower moving fish. Ideal tankmates would be similar-sized South American cichlids, plecos and possibly large tetras. Severums are often sold as juveniles in pet stores and are not very large when purchased. This species can grow 20-30 cm and this must be considered before you purchase them.

The image visible here is a gold severum owned by Kateyoup. It is a morph selectively bred from the original green strain. Other strains are available including the popular red severum.

Males and females are very difficult to distinguish although females do have shorter anal and dorsal fins. Females are also reported to have slightly lighter coloration than males with few or even no squiggle marks on their face.

Picture provided by kateyoup and profile provided by Lupin.

Severum Diet

Severums are omnivorous and are not fussy eaters as they are quite greedy eaters. They are usually fed with vegetable matter, shrimps, bloodworms, earthworms and artificial foods.


Ideal water parameters for Severum

The Severum should be kept in an aquarium with the temperature ranging from 76 to 84 degrees Fahrenheit, and a Ph of around 6.5.

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Severum 1
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Severum 2
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Severum 3
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Severum 4

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