Starting freshwater aquarium
I was just wondering what I need, the basics and all, im pretty sure when I asked the pet shop they told me a bunch of stuff I probably don't need and I just wanted to make sure.
You will need:
-Some sort of hood (I like glass canopies best)
-Lighting of some kind (a huge variety here...depends on the fish you want to keep but moreso on the types of plants you want to keep. You want to avoid incandescent lights at all costs)
-Filter(s) (lots of choices here)
-Substrate (gravel, planted tank substrate, crush coral, sand...lots of options)
-Decor of some kind (fake plants, live plants, resin aquarium decorations, driftwood, rocks, etc)
-Water conditioner (one that removes chlorine, chloramine, and heavy metals)
-A net or two
-Fish food appropriate for your fish
-Water parameter test kits (API liquid Freshwater Master Test Kit is a good choice)
-A heater (for most species, you don't need one for goldfish or other cooler water fish)
-Gravel vacuum and buckets for water changes
-After the aquarium is cycled and ready, you need fish!
You'll also want to prepare your tank before adding fish. Make sure you look up how to properly "cycle" your aquarium.
okay wait where do I look up how to "cycle" my aquarium? what is cycling? and could I have an estimant on how much it would cost for all of this,
thank you though for all the advice
How much it will cost depends on a ton of factors, such as the size of the aquarium, the type of filtration you're using, the type of substrate, the lighting you use and even what fish you buy.
You can save a lot of money by doing some shopping. Online retailers are generally much cheaper than stores. You can find really good deals on tanks and equipment by cruising yard sales or craigslist. Depending on a ton of factors, you could look to spend anywhere from about $50 total for a 10g or up to thousands of dollars for large setups.
Here are some links about cycling:
I can't stress the importance of reading up on the aquarium cycle before you get started. A good liquid test kit like the one I mentioned earlier will help you keep track of your cycle and let you know exactly when it is safe to start adding fish to your aquarium. If you don't cycle your aquarium properly, you risk losing some or all of your fish, which can be very discouraging and is a big reason why many people give up on the hobby so quickly.
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