What is my best optionfor biological filter?
Hi all :? ...I currently have a 55g reef tank. Well really a start to a reef tank I have only purchased a chili coral so far. But back to my question, I unfortunatley do not have room for a sump and need to know what other options I have for biological filtration. I am now running a Bremuda Aquatics Rogue Wave Hang-On Protein Skimmer w/ Rio+ 1100 pump and I was running a Magnum 350 Canister filiter. I recently shut down the canister and through on an Emperor 330 without the bio wheels. I have approximately 50-60 lbs of live rock and 20 lbs of live sand. Could a hang- on refugium with some micro-alge be useful or will it be a waste of money :?:
This is a pic of my tank at sunset.
Re: What is my best optionfor biological filter?
You could do the hang on fuge if you wanted to... but it would have to be a pretty good size to make any real difference once you start adding more animals to the tank.
Watch your water params, ammonia, nitrite, nitrate, pH, and calcium. Your test results will tell you how good of a job your filtration is doing. Add animals slowly, one at a time. Space the additions a few wks apart. This allows the tank to adjust slowly to account for extra waste. After each addition, test water every few days for the first wk or 2... watch any ammonia spikes and be sure they break down completely to nitrate before another addition. This will also help to let you know when your tank is full.
Also, remember that its not the filter itself that will make the most difference, but the media inside of it. Magnum canisters are no good for saltwater... they clog very easily and are not made to endure the salt long term. If you want to work with a canister, try Eheim or Filstar.... or Cascade. Look for the ultimate in space for media.
For media make sure you're working with some kind of filter padding, sponge, and bio media. Eheim makes some awesome media and it can be used in other filters. Epimech, the "noodles"... look for porous materials that offer the ultimate in surface area for your beneficial bacteria to populate.
It's also a good thing to remember that your bio filtration will build slowly according to the amount of waste in the tank. It takes time for that bacteria to populate enough to do the job, and when you stop adding animals, once it is populated enough to handle the current waste, it will stabalize there. This is why I say to add animals slowly... give the tank a chance to stabalize in between each addition.
And... of course... keep up with your water changes. Frequent small changes will be much healthier and safer than infrequent large ones.
Hope this helped.
Thanks your comments they do help me alot. I am picking up Live rock a piece or 2 at a time but when it costs me upwards of $50+ a piece it can get expensive. The last peice I pikced up was 10 lbs at $6.99 a lb, do the math.
I will definately look into the filters you recommend and let you know how it goes.
I know the prices on live rock. $6.99/lb is cheap compared to around here where it is now up to $8.99/lb for the basic cheap stuff! The price of live rock is one of the reasons I warn people to prepare for a very expensive hobby when they approach saltwater aquariums.
Try finding smaller pieces and stack them. This will do 2 things for you...
1. It will give you more caves and territories for animals
2. It will help to create shelves for corals to sit on later.
The more different places you get your live rock from the more you are assured you will get at least some good quality rock and the more "critters" and micro organisms it will bring into your tank. This makes for a much healthier aquarium.
I just ordered a 700 CASCADE AQUARIUM CANISTER FILTER. Was that a good choice? It said it has pleanty of room for media.
Also I get my LR from a really neat local marine aquariam warehouse. All their LR is stored in large saltwater ponds. They have some already cured and some still curing. The price is not bad but does still add up.
I have only had one issue with their LR, I inspect the rock before I place them into the tank and did not notice a stow away (crab). I guess that is to be expected.
I will take your advice and look for smaller pieces.
If you are interested in checking out their web sight here it is, I would recommend them highly to anybody.
Thanks for the link, I'll look them up when I get the chance. Maybe they will be of some help to others in need.
Yes, stowaways are always to be expected in live rock. That's one of the fun parts about it. Crabs, snails, even small starfish are common stowaways. They crawl up into the rock and when it is moved, they go right along with it.
Let us know if you need anything more.
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