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westpoison 04-03-2008 09:08 AM

How to cure betta fin rot
 
Fin rot is caused by bacteria that are always present in aquarium water. Fish become susceptible to fin rot when they are kept in poor water conditions, and it is common on fish kept in unfiltered tanks or bowls. The reason is that your pet is being forced to swim in water that is contaminated by its own feces which is essentially ammonia. If left untreated, the disease will erode the fins, especially the tail, and can enter the body of the fish, causing death. Symptoms include loss of fins and white and red patches on the fins.


Detecting fin rots
Early detection of the illness is the best to try and prevent further fin damage. First know that clear or whitish tips on your betta's fins and tail is fin re-growth, which is a very good thing. If your betta has dark brown/black tips, holes, or tears in his fins that appear to be getting worse, they most likely have fin and tail rot.

In a worst case scenario, the fins and/or tail could be falling apart, shredding, or be completely missing.


Once Fin Rot is diagnosed, what to do next
If you caught the onset of Fin Rot quickly, it could be as easy a fix as simply changing out the water and gravel. A lot of times that is all that is necessary. However, if your betta is in a more advanced stage of fin rot, then there is a process that you will need to go through.

Here are the steps:

1. Nuke the tank or bowl aka Take out everything and wash them entirely (Note: No soap)
2. Apply some form of fungus eliminator to the water. (Can be gotten from LFS)
3. add 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of aquarium salt per gallon of water. (This is to hold the bacteria back and thus increase the healing speed)
4. Upon seeing whitish color on the fin tips signal fin regrowth. Continue large water change every week. Or small water change every 2 days.

Note: Remember to wash your hand before and after handling the fish or the material.

bettababy 04-20-2008 02:37 AM

Re: How to cure betta fin rot
 
Quote:

Originally Posted by westpoison
Fin rot is caused by bacteria that are always present in aquarium water. Fish become susceptible to fin rot when they are kept in poor water conditions, and it is common on fish kept in unfiltered tanks or bowls. The reason is that your pet is being forced to swim in water that is contaminated by its own feces which is essentially ammonia. If left untreated, the disease will erode the fins, especially the tail, and can enter the body of the fish, causing death. Symptoms include loss of fins and white and red patches on the fins.

Fin rot is caused by a combination of bacteria and fungus. It starts with bacteria, then fungus feeds on the bacteria... if you don't treat BOTH problems, it never goes away or gets completely better.

Detecting fin rots
Early detection of the illness is the best to try and prevent further fin damage. First know that clear or whitish tips on your betta's fins and tail is fin re-growth, which is a very good thing. If your betta has dark brown/black tips, holes, or tears in his fins that appear to be getting worse, they most likely have fin and tail rot.

In a worst case scenario, the fins and/or tail could be falling apart, shredding, or be completely missing.


Once Fin Rot is diagnosed, what to do next
If you caught the onset of Fin Rot quickly, it could be as easy a fix as simply changing out the water and gravel. A lot of times that is all that is necessary. However, if your betta is in a more advanced stage of fin rot, then there is a process that you will need to go through.

Here are the steps:

1. Nuke the tank or bowl aka Take out everything and wash them entirely (Note: No soap)
2. Apply some form of fungus eliminator to the water. (Can be gotten from LFS)

Jungle makes a number of fungal meds, and the contents are all different. Fungus eliminator only comes in one form... it's a crystal/powder... and Fungus eliminator specifically is what is needed to treat fin rot successfully.... but it should also be in combination with methylene blue. The 2 meds together at the same time are the most effective and safest treatment.

3. add 1/4 to 1/2 teaspoon of aquarium salt per gallon of water. (This is to hold the bacteria back and thus increase the healing speed)

STOP! Do NOT add salt if using fungus eliminator, especially for a betta who is sensitive to salt in the first place. Fungus eliminator contains a large amount of salt already in the med. Adding aquarium salt to this is way too much for a betta to handle... way too much for most fish to handle. Adding salt with that med can cause death!

4. Upon seeing whitish color on the fin tips signal fin regrowth. Continue large water change every week. Or small water change every 2 days.

Note: Remember to wash your hand before and after handling the fish or the material.

The other thing I didn't see mentioned here is that water params should always be checked before adding any med to any tank... ammonia, and nitrite should be 0, and nitrate should be below 40. If there is any ammonia or nitrite, or if nitrate is above 40, most meds can become toxic.

Another thing important to mention is that any filter running on the tank, all carbon must be removed while using meds. Carbon will soak the meds out of the water and you will have simply wasted the meds while the fish continues to get sicker.


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