basic equipment needed for keeping corals
Hi. i'm just new here and a newbie. i started keeping an aquarium more than a year ago. i have a fish only aquarum and planning to add some corals but i'm afraid coz some say that they are really hard to keep. I want to know what are the necessary equipment needed to keep the corals thriving.
I have a 50 gallon aquarium + 30 gallon sump. is the size of my aquarium enough to house corals.
I'm sorry if my information is not complete. Just let me know what other infortion that i have to give. Thank you very much
hey first you mjust figure out what corals you want to get and the lighting you need. i would suggest any where from 60-150 watts. soft corals are the easiest corals to keep and need the least lighting. like mushrooms and ricordia, also what is you tanks temp. the more watts the hotter it gets. you must have low nitrates, nitrites and phosphate for you corals to live.
thats the basics.
thank you for the immediate reply.
yes sir as much as possible i want to start with corals that are easiest to keep and require low lighting.
actually i'm not particular with water parameters since i only have fishes. though i do water testing but never performed water changes since i started. i've started more than a year now. so i'm apprehensive if i can maintain the water quality that corals need.
wanna ask how often do you do water changes and what particular equipment do you use to keep water parameters in normal level? (like ammonia, nitrite, nitrate)
I'm really sorry if i have many questions but i really want to know everything about this matter.
once again thank you in advance. i hope you will help me to understand this coz i'm getting obsessed with this hooby. thanx again... :)
Low lighting corals will be hard to grow. You would probably need 200-250 watts for the tank itself, with 100-150 for the fuge. My tank will have 9.6 watts per gallon (10 gallon tank w/ 96 watts) for optimum coral growth. Your bulbs should be 1 (or 2) 10000k Daylight and 6700k Actinic (On white, one blue). Look into the sattelite compact light.
Wait, you only have FO (Fish only)? No Live rock/sand? This is the best means of filtration in a tank.
You would have to do weekly WC's of 10-25%, possibly more depending on your water params.
Good eqiupment is a skimmer, powerhead, and possibly a HOB to get rid of surface skum, but I think a skimmer gets rid of that. In a 50 gallon tank, I would use 2 or 3 powerheads.
what are the consequences having a low light for the corals ? i have a 75 gallon tank and only have 50 watts of light
i have a 75 gallon aquarium, currently have a 13 watts water pump for my filter. is that enough or do i need a stronger one ?
Basically, upgrading from a fish-only tank to a reef tank requires 3 main changes. First off and probably most important is the upgraded lighting. The majority of corals offered these days are photosynthetic, meaning they require higher lighting to carry-out photosynthesis. Corals can generally be broken down into 3 main categories, softies, lps, and sps. Soft corals such as polyps and leathers are generally less dependent on photosynthesis for nurishment and can be maintained under moderate lighting, possibly 3 watts per gallon. Mushrooms would also fall under this category even though they are technically an anemone rather than a true coral. Lps, (large polyped stony corals), are generally more demanding than softies, but can still often be kept without upgrading to metal halides. They are however, alot more dependent on proper calcium levels. The final category, sps, (small polyped stonies), are generally the most demanding of the corals commonly available. They require pristine water conditions, as well as very high lighting, heavy circulation, and a calcium level maintained between 400 and 450ppm to thrive. The second requirement is supplementation of calcium, iodide, strontium, magnesium, and various trace elements. There are several ways to accomplish this. There are many bottled supplements available that you can add to your tank on a regular basis to maintain optimal levels. Another option is to create a constant drip system using a medical IV bag. The final option is to use a reactor, which simply put, is a small chamber in which Co2 is bubbled up through layers of calcium carbonate to maintain optimal calcium levels, you can also use kalkwasser to maintian ph. The third requirement is water circulation. Corals are filter feeders and depend on water current to bring them food. With this in mind you will more than likely have to supplement your corals with weekly feedings of phytoplankton and other suspensions intended for feeding corals. If I were you i would recommend starting out with some mushrooms and softies and working your way up from there.
The minimum is 3 watts per gallon. That is for softies. They can be put under 3W, but will not thrive or grow. Try at least 5 or 6 watts. More is better.
A 75G tank is 48" long, right? Take a look at this t5: http://www.fishneedit.com/t5ho-4ft--...ium-light.html . Or this MH: http://www.fishneedit.com/250w-metal...ndant-lig.html .
I am ordering the 24" 96W fixture from these guys when they get it back in stock.
Or a Sattelite Fixture (Very nice!): http://www.drsfostersmith.com/produc...7&pcatid=13637
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