Tropical Fish Keeping - Aquarium fish care and resources

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ap4910 09-12-2012 03:34 PM

New Tank Setup questions?
OK im just going to use this one post for all the questions im sure i will have during this process...:oops:

Any way I have two FW cichlid tanks and have a spare 29 Gallon just collecing dust. Have always wanted a reef tank But have been scared of price and all the rumors out their. But figured What the heck im goingt o make a run at it. from what I read I think I will do a FOWLR tank at first then when I can get a good light i will start with reefing...:-D.

equipment I already have:
29 Gallon Tank
150 watt heater
Light and hood that came with tank. (upgrad later)

So guess my 1st step is: sand. water and setting up flow (min 600 GPH)

1- when i buy power head do I figure in the filter and skimmer?
2- should i get two smaller heads or one big one? (
3- were should I place the heads in the tank? (bottom, middle, top?)

do to high cost of rock was going to buy cured rock from LFS 10 pounds at a time as cash permits thinking 35-40 pounds?

i know I need other items like SW test kit and such.

But what should be my priortiy on my first trip to the store?

Reefing Madness 09-12-2012 05:08 PM

For a FOWLR minimum starting flow will be 300.
Go with 2 powerheads, this creates more motion in the water, and less dead spots.
Place powerheads in the sides, upper middle of the tank.
Due to high cost of LR, dont get any, just use Macro Rock, or Dry Rock, or Base Rock.
Priority to start with is Water Movement. Refractometer (hydrometer), Rock. Skimmer would help, but not necesary if you can do at least 10% weekly water changes. You can use FW lights in a FOWLR tank. Water Test Kit. Heater. Marine Salt.
Then I can get more specific:
#1-Dry Rock, there are a few hitchhikers on Live Rock that people want to stay away from, so they opt for using Dry Rock, or Dead Rock. Macro Rock is a good place to start looking for that. Either way you go you will need a minimum of 1lb per gallon.
#2-Replacement filter media like filter floss and activated carbon (if you get a filter) Which is really not necessary.
#3-Multiple Power heads (2 or 3) 10x your water volume for just a Fish Only With Live Rock, and at least 20x your water volume for a Reef Tank. So lets say your going reef, and you have a 100g tank, you would need flow in that tank at minimum of 2000gph, or 2 1000gph power heads.
#4-Protein Skimmer, rated at 2 times your water volume. Unless your tank is under 30g, in which case you can do 10% water changes a week to rid the system of detrius. But, you'll have to watch the water parameters close, if things go haywire, you'll have to do more water changes.
#5-Saltwater Test Kits. Reef Test Kit. Test for Ammonia, Nitrites, Nitrates, PH, Phosphates, Calcium, ALK and Magnesium.
#6-Saltwater fish food. Mysis Shrimp, Squid, Cyclopease, Algae Sheets, Romaine . Flake food is not really a good food to feed your marine fish.
#7-Aquarium vacuum. This one is iffy. Most don't use one, if you have enough flow in the tank you won’t need one
#8-Rubber kitchen gloves
#9-Fish net
#10-Two, clean, never used before, 5-gallon buckets
#11-Aquarium thermometer, digital being the best.
#12-Brush with plastic bristles (old tooth brush) - needed for cleaning the live rock if you don't get Fully Cured Live Rock.
#13-Power Strip, possibly GFCI outlets by the tank.
#14-Optional but definitely recommend getting a Reverse Osmosis or RO/Deionization filter for the make-up water, and a barrel for storing the water.
#15-Possibly a Quarantine Tank for your new fish. They sit in here for a few weeks to kill off parasites and bacteria, to keep it from getting in your main tank
#16-Heater rated for your size tank.
#17-Saltwater Mix. Marine Salt. Instant Ocean is the cheap Salt that beginners and Advanced use alike.
#18-Saltwater Hydrometer or even better a Refractometer, which is more accurate. There is also a Digital Meter that is way advanced if you have the cash.
#19-Aquarium filter (not absolutely necessary if running with adequate amounts of live rock, but nice to have if you need to use a mechanical filter or activated carbon, or GFO and such)
#20-Aquarium substrate such as live sand or crushed coral. Some go bare Bottom, others choose the 2-3" bottom, others, more advanced will try the Deep Sand Bed, which is over 6" deep. 87d1

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