I am wanting to start a saltwater aquarium. I have had a fresh water for years but want to go better. I want arround a 100 gal setup. I would like to have corals and colorful fish like clownfish , tangs, etc.
What is a list of everything i would need for this type of setup? What size and type of equipment?
Light, skimmer, filtration, heater/cooler, etc? I want to have decent stuff but not the absolute best just yet. Trying to get started in the least expensive way without buying junk or stuff i dont need. Any help would be greatly appriciated. Thanks in advance!
Hi Benny :wave:
Welcome to the forum. I'm going to move this thread over to Saltwater Equipment so that you have a better chance of getting the answers you need.
Feel free to start another thread just to say hello in "Meet the Community"
Here ya go.
#1-Dry Rock, there are a few hitchhikers on Live Rock that people want to stay away from, so they opt for using Dry Rock, or Dead Rock. Macro Rock is a good place to start looking for that. Either way you go you will need a minimum of 1lb per gallon.
#2-Replacement filter media like filter floss and activated carbon (if you get a filter) Which is really not necessary.
#3-Multiple Power heads (2 or 3) 10x your water volume for just a Fish Only With Live Rock, and at least 20x your water volume for a Reef Tank. So lets say your going reef, and you have a 100g tank, you would need flow in that tank at minimum of 2000gph, or 2 1000gph power heads.
#4-Protein Skimmer, rated at 2 times your water volume. Unless your tank is under 30g, in which case you can do 10% water changes a week to rid the system of detrius. But, you'll have to watch the water parameters close, if things go haywire, you'll have to do more water changes.
#5-Saltwater Test Kits. Reef Test Kit. Test for Ammonia, Nitrites, Nitrates, PH, Phosphates, Calcium, ALK and Magnesium.
#6-Saltwater fish food. Mysis Shrimp, Squid, Cyclopease, Algae Sheets, Romaine . Flake food is not really a good food to feed your marine fish.
#7-Aquarium vacuum. This one is iffy. Most don't use one, if you have enough flow in the tank you won’t need one
#8-Rubber kitchen gloves
#10-Two, clean, never used before, 5-gallon buckets
#11-Aquarium thermometer, digital being the best.
#12-Brush with plastic bristles (old tooth brush) - needed for cleaning the live rock if you don't get Fully Cured Live Rock.
#13-Power Strip, possibly GFCI outlets by the tank.
#14-Optional but definitely recommend getting a Reverse Osmosis or RO/Deionization filter for the make-up water, and a barrel for storing the water.
#15-Possibly a Quarantine Tank for your new fish. They sit in here for a few weeks to kill off parasites and bacteria, to keep it from getting in your main tank
#16-Heater rated for your size tank.
#17-Saltwater Mix. Marine Salt. Instant Ocean is the cheap Salt that beginners and Advanced use alike.
#18-Saltwater Hydrometer or even better a Refractometer, which is more accurate. There is also a Digital Meter that is way advanced if you have the cash.
#19-Aquarium filter (not absolutely necessary if running with adequate amounts of live rock, but nice to have if you need to use a mechanical filter or activated carbon, or GFO and such)
#20-Aquarium substrate such as live sand or crushed coral. Some go bare Bottom, others choose the 2-3" bottom, others, more advanced will try the Deep Sand Bed, which is over 6" deep.
So if I start with dry rock how long will it take for the tank to be ready for fish? Corals?
Also I found a real good deal on a 80gal setup suppose to have everything except lights and skimmer. Comes with 50-60 lbs of live rock. Is it a good idea to use that rock or not?
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What fish are safe to a reef tank and to each other? I want things like clownfish, tangs, triggerfish, blemies, are these compatable with each other and corals? What about starfish and sea horse?
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Well I am all setup. Live sand, live rock, and the guy at the fish store insisted that I need to put some fish right away to help the tank cycle so he gave me five White Tail Chromis so they are in there too. I did not put a refugium or skimmer yet I just have a Marineland Emperor and a powerhead. I noticed that I have a couple small mushrooms and a couple real small feather dusters on my liverock. So I guess I am on my way!
If your fish start dieing its because the Nitrogen Cyle did them in, because your LFS suggested it. They may or may not, but the Ammonia that is going to come is not good for them. Just giving you a heads up. But the life on the rock should take off here real soon. =)
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