98 years ago (April 14th 1912 for those who are failing math....ok me to haha) the largest ocean liner of the time RMS Titanic was sailing through waters at a high speed. At around 11:40 PM she struck an iceberg a glancing blow beneath the water line causing 6 punctures on an area of 250 feet of the hull, 5 water tight compartments. Her flooding limit was 4 compartments. Rivets popped and large amounts of water came rushing in. Had she been made of better metal she might've survived the collision. Metal becomes brittle at cold temperatures, the temperature that night was anywhere from -5 degrees to about 28 degrees. Her metal also contained sulfer which made it even more brittle.
At first no one thought the ship would sink, of course she was unsinkable. At 12:25 Captain EJ Smith made the horrific realization that Titanic would sink and less than half of her passengers would live. He ordered the first boat lowered. The ship slowly sank for 2 hours and then at 2:15 with the bow completely submerged the first funnel broke and water crshed throught the glass dome of the first class grand stair case. At 2:18 the power went out, the stern of the ship reached a high angle (over 30 degrees). The weight of the engines, boilers, propellers, and other heavy machinery caused the ship to split between the third and fourth funnels. The stern fell back level to an even keel with 1500 people clinging to it. After a moment the bow dragged itself down pulling the stern vertical. The bow detached and headed for the bottom. The stern stayed vertical from anywhere from 30 seconds to 5 minuets before slowly slipping into the dark cold waters of the north atlantic.
This video shows you what Titanic probably looked like while sinking: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TswFzWTv7qc The wreck:
As the bow section sank it hit nose first and as the rest of the bow fell the decks towards where she had broken collapsed on themselves causing it to slope at an angle:
After the stern sank alot of air was still trapped in it. Just before hitting the bottom the sterns decks began to fold backwards then the hull ripped itself apart. It spun around and hit the bottom hull first.
Today both sections lay 2,000 ft apart and face oppostie directions. Predicting the tragedy:
In 1898 14 years before Titanic sank a book was writtin called Futility or Death of the Titan. In it a ship sinks after hitting an iceberg and tells almost the exact story of Titanic.
The Titanic was the largest vessel afloat, 882 ft 9 inches 66,000 tons.
The Titan was 800 ft long 75,000 tons.
The Titanic had 20 lifeboats...only half of her 2,208 passengers could survive.
The Titan had 24, only half of her 3000 could survive.
The Titanic struck an iceberg on a April night going 23 knots into an icefield.
The Titan struck an iceberg going 25 knots into an ice field on an April night.
Titanic was unsinkable and she sunk.
Titan was unsinkable and she to sank.
Let us remember the 1500 people who died on April 14th-15th 1912, 98 years ago. RIP RMS TITANIC.