Loricariidae, Subfamily Ancistrinae Common Name:
Zebra Pleco Origin and Habitat:
Endemic to the Rio Zingu basin, a southern tributary of the Amazon in south-eastern Brazil. The substrate is sandy with many rocks, and the water is fast flowing. This fish is found in deeper water among rock crevices. Compatibility/Temperament:
Peaceful with other fish, but territorial with similar species including its own; plenty of hiding places are required. Shy by nature, should not be kept with boisterous tankmates as it will not eat. Zebra Plecostomus Diet
Juveniles take a variety of foods, meaty and vegetable, but mature fish are carnivorous and require worms, frozen bloodworms and similar fare. Not an algae eater. Size
Attains just over 3 inches at maturity. Minimum Tank Suggestion
36 inches in length. Water parameters for Zebra Plecostomus
Soft to moderately hard (up to 15 dGH), acidic to basic (pH 6.0 to 7.5) water, temperature 26-30C/79-86F. Good oxygenation from the water flow is important at higher temperatures. Description
This is probably the most beautiful and stunning freshwater catfish. In 2004, the Brazilian government banned the capture and exportation of this fish on the pretext that it was endangered and near-extinction, although this lacks scientific proof. The species turned out to be remarkably easy to breed, and all available fish are likely to be tank-raised, though they still command a very high price.
Observed from above, the male has a slightly broader head than the female. The first pectoral fin ray of the male is somewhat thicker than that of the female, and in breeding condition the males further develop their spine-like ''odontodes'' on this ray. More success at spawning will be achieved if the male can select his mate from 2-3 females.
Given their natural habitat, this fish requires more water movement that most of the forest fish, though the writer successfully maintained it for several years in a 5-foot tank with an average canister filter. The fish spent much of the day in its chosen tunnel in wood, and quickly learned to come out at feeding time. Needs a rock cave or tunneled wood.
When purchasing specimens, look for a rounded (as opposed to sunken) belly, indicative of a healthy specimen. As noted under dietary needs, this fish is carnivorous and will very rarely eat algae or vegetable matter.
When imported following its discovery, this fish was usually referred to as Peckoltia zebra
, a name with no scientific standing, and received the number L046. All new loricariids are numbered awaiting description, similar to the "C" numbers for new Corydoras.
The genus Hypancistrus
was erected in 1991 by I.J.H. Isbrucker and H. Nijssen upon describing this fish which was the type specimen for this new genus in the Loricariidae family. Since then, five new species have been assigned to the genus, all by J.W. Armbruster and his colleagues, and Dr. Armbruster indicates that many additional species from Brazil await describing; at the time of this writing, Planet Catfish lists 31 undescribed "L" species in this genus. All species within this genus are small- to medium-sized fishes that can be recognized from the very similar Peckoltia and Hemiancistrus by having larger dentary teeth than premaxillary teeth. Color is typically some combination of dark brown to black with white, ranging from stripes to spots to squiggles [Armbruster, 2007].
The genus name derives from the Greek hypo
[= under] and agkistron
[= hook]; ancistrus
is in reference to the interopercular odontodes that are hooked [source: Fishbase and Planet Catfish]. All species within this genus are small- to medium-sized fishes that can be independently recognized from the very similar Peckoltia
by having larger dentary teeth than premaxillary teeth. Color is typically some combination of dark brown to black with white, ranging from stripes to spots to squiggles [Armbruster, 2007]. The species epithet refers to the black and white stripe pattern of the African equine, the Zebra. References:
Armbruster, J.W., N.K. Lujan and D.C. Taphorn (2007), "Four new Hypancistrus
(Siluriformes: Loricariidae) from Amazonas, Venezuela," Copeia
2007 (no. 1), pp. 62-79.
Isbrucker, I.J.H. and H. Nijssen (1991), "Hypancistrus zebra
, a new genus and species of uniquely pigmented ancistrine loricariid fish from the Rio Xingu, Brazil (Pisces: Siluriformes: Loricariidae)," Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters
volume 1 (no. 4), pp. 345-350. Contributing Members
The following members have contributed to this profile: Byron