Black fuzzy fungus? - Tropical Fish Keeping - Aquarium fish care and resources
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post #1 of 13 Old 04-28-2013, 08:00 AM Thread Starter
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Black fuzzy fungus?

Some of my plant leaves have this brown/black fuzzy fungus looking growth on them. They are actively growing but I don't know if this will harm them or my tank. I have a T5 and my plants are low light cabombas, ludwigia, rotala, bacopas and crypts. Could this be an illness? Is there treatment to remove this fungus looking growth?
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post #2 of 13 Old 04-28-2013, 08:40 AM
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Could you give a little more description of the "fungus" appearance and the tank conditions? Is it a brown coating on the plants (that you can gently wipes from the leaves), or does it look like small paintbrush bristles? Is it a new tank, what size tank, do you fertilize, light duration/day, have conditions changed recently in the tank?

Also, I have never heard of a "low-light" Cabomba. You may have more light in the tank than you think!
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18 species/varieties of fish, 15 species/varieties of plants - The fish are finally ahead of the plants!
*560 gallons (2120 liters) in 5 tanks -> you do the math.
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post #3 of 13 Old 04-28-2013, 08:47 AM Thread Starter
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I missed a comma there, sorry. It is coating the leaves, like moss on a tree, and on my crypt it sprouted a small growth that looks like round brush bristles. Its not a new tank. I've had it set up for about six months. The plants are fairly new. I fertilize with flourish once a week. Its a 20 gallon that gets about ten hours of light per day. I have taken some fish out of the tank, not diseased related, simply rehomed; but the brown growtnh started before the move.
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post #4 of 13 Old 04-28-2013, 08:56 AM
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it sounds like you have black brush algae, and perhaps diatoms? this is harmless to fish... black outs rarely work on this type of algae :( without killing the plants first anyway.
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post #5 of 13 Old 04-28-2013, 09:04 AM Thread Starter
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Feck! Any suggestions on how to get rid of it Ao?
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post #6 of 13 Old 04-28-2013, 09:11 AM
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I've never had the algae myself so I can't really recommend one methond~

let's see what other members have to say. I think there are some posts anout bba in the freshwater aquariums section. you might want to read those as well...
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post #7 of 13 Old 04-28-2013, 10:35 AM
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I agree it is likely some type of brush algae. This is actually a red algae, but in most tanks it looks dark brown or black, sometimes very dark green/grayish. I have fought this algae several times, and it is now under control.

It is due to the light and/or nutrients being more than what the plants can utilize. Unfortunately it will continue to spread over every plant leaf until the plants are all dead, if not checked.

The way to deal with it is to create a balance between light and nutrients. From what you've told us, you have a T5 fluorescent tube over the tank. Is this HO or NO? And what is the Kelvin rating?

On the nutrients, what is the GH of your source water? And how frequent are water changes, and how much volume?

Byron.

Byron Hosking, BMus, MA
Vancouver, BC, Canada

The aquarist is one who must learn the ways of the biologist, the chemist, and the veterinarian. [unknown source]

Something we all need to remember: The fish you've acquired was quite happy not being owned by you, minding its own business. If youíre going to take it under your wing then youíre responsible for it. Every aspect of its life is under your control, from water quality and temperature to swimming space. [Nathan Hill in PFK]
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post #8 of 13 Old 04-28-2013, 06:16 PM Thread Starter
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It's a T8, my mistake, 8000 Kelvin, HO. I do weekly 25% water changes so 5 gallons per week get replaced. As far as GH, I'd have to contact the local water authority.
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post #9 of 13 Old 04-28-2013, 07:19 PM
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Is you tank a 20 high or long? You likely have a lot of light either way, but certainly too much for a 20L, which isn't a deep tank. I'd drop the photoperiod to 8 hours/day at a minimum no matter what. You say "about" 10 hours. If you don't use one already, pick up a light timer!

18 species/varieties of fish, 15 species/varieties of plants - The fish are finally ahead of the plants!
*560 gallons (2120 liters) in 5 tanks -> you do the math.
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post #10 of 13 Old 04-28-2013, 07:31 PM
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I agree. But I'm a bit confused over the light...T8 does not come in HO, it is basic fluorescent. T5 has HO (high output) and NO (normal output, which is roughly equal to the same length T8 tube). Anyway, reduce the light down to 8 hours.

I'd still want to know the GH though, as this is a source for the "hard" minerals that are insufficient in Flourish. Part of that balance again.

Byron.

Byron Hosking, BMus, MA
Vancouver, BC, Canada

The aquarist is one who must learn the ways of the biologist, the chemist, and the veterinarian. [unknown source]

Something we all need to remember: The fish you've acquired was quite happy not being owned by you, minding its own business. If youíre going to take it under your wing then youíre responsible for it. Every aspect of its life is under your control, from water quality and temperature to swimming space. [Nathan Hill in PFK]
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