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New Aquarium Questions

This is a discussion on New Aquarium Questions within the Beginner Freshwater Aquarium forums, part of the Freshwater Fish and Aquariums category; --> Originally Posted by Byron I'll respond separately on the water when I've checked the link. Don't bother, you can't test for everything and years ...

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New Aquarium Questions
Old 03-14-2012, 12:43 PM   #31
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Byron View Post
I'll respond separately on the water when I've checked the link.



Don't bother, you can't test for everything and years ago I learned that messing around with this or that made things worse. The tap water hardness will give us those minerals so calcium, magnesium are covered. The others may or may not be present but as I mentioned the complete liquid ferts are balanced and using their recommended dose is not going to hurt anything at such minimal levels.



Aquarium plants can manage with as little as six hours out of every 24. This is the only limit to duration. The intensity is more crucial. And one does not compensate for the other. If the light intensity over the tank is not sufficient, leaving lights on longer does not make any improvement--but it will grow more algae. Once the intensity is sufficient to balance the nutrients, and they are all available, plants will photosynthesize (grow) full out--until something is no longer available, then they slow and may even stop. As I said earlier, if this happens and light is still on, you will see algae increase.

I have my lights on according to algae. It varies from tank to tank, so obviously many factors play into this. Back in the 1990's I had the lights on for 15 hours daily, and no algae issues. Presently I have them on for 8-9 hours daily and I had to cut back to this due to brush algae issues. In the summer, the additional daylight (more bright and longer) coming in the windows caused algae, so I've now solved that with heavy drapes and blinds in the fish room.

Timers are a good idea, both for plants and fish. A regular schedule is best. It can vary, depending when you are normally home to enjoy the tank. You can read more on lighting and its effect on fish here:
http://www.tropicalfishkeeping.com/f...er-fish-81982/

The oil stuff--if it is like a film on the water surface that is a protein scum. If it is dark green and slimy, that is cyanobacteria.

Swords need good nutrient supply; I have managed well with just adding the Flourish Comprehensive [if this is the product you get, make sure it is the Comprehensive, as they make several products in the Flourish line] twice a week. And now I have the root tabs so Flourish Comp once a week. Each tank can be a bit different.
I think it might have been a mixture because it was a slight film over the surface on both tanks.

In the 10 gallon there was a dark green slimy slodging up the filter, I unclogged it (especially after I read your nitrogen cycle article) and it seem to have helped the flow and reduced the amount of bacteria.

I am going to rinse my filter pad today when I get home. My light in the 10 Gallon is much stronger than in the 29. I bought a special light for both but the one in the 29 just doesn't output as much light as I would like. I may consider returning the light for another one as soon as I can find the receipt.

Another factor about my lights is that the 10 gallon light turns on slow and warms up to be nice and bright while the 29 flickers on to be just as bright as it is going to be for its duration of the day.

Any recommendations for a 24" light?

There is also brown patches growing on the filter (I assume algae)?

I will definitely look for the flourish comprehensive.

Last edited by Termato; 03-14-2012 at 12:46 PM..
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Old 03-14-2012, 02:58 PM   #32
 
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Any recommendations for a 24" light?
This is the 29g. I have a 24-inch T8 fixture over my 29g, but I have wild fish from dark waters in Peru in the tank and wouldn't have more. My pygmy chain sword is doing well, and that given the floating plants too. I also have Anubias on wood, and a Java Fern I think; both are low light plants of course. If you want a higher light plant(s) the next step up would be a single tube T5. Another option is incandescant, with 2 sockets (3 or even 4 would be better, if they make them??) and CFL daylight bulbs.

Quote:
There is also brown patches growing on the filter (I assume algae)?
This is common, though to be honest I'm not sure exactly what it is. But it occurs in all filter tubing. Some aquarists suggest cleaning all this out once or twice a year because it harbours bacteria (presumably not any good kind), but I must confess I don't. If I reset the tank, that's the only time the tubing gets carted into the bathtub for a clean--water goes everywhere, so I find the bathtub works.
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Old 03-14-2012, 03:05 PM   #33
 
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This is the 29g. I have a 24-inch T8 fixture over my 29g, but I have wild fish from dark waters in Peru in the tank and wouldn't have more. My pygmy chain sword is doing well, and that given the floating plants too. I also have Anubias on wood, and a Java Fern I think; both are low light plants of course. If you want a higher light plant(s) the next step up would be a single tube T5. Another option is incandescant, with 2 sockets (3 or even 4 would be better, if they make them??) and CFL daylight bulbs.



This is common, though to be honest I'm not sure exactly what it is. But it occurs in all filter tubing. Some aquarists suggest cleaning all this out once or twice a year because it harbours bacteria (presumably not any good kind), but I must confess I don't. If I reset the tank, that's the only time the tubing gets carted into the bathtub for a clean--water goes everywhere, so I find the bathtub works.
The thank button is working again! lol

The sword plant I have I will have to post a picture of, it is the only plant Im really worried about, everything else is doing great. I wish they had that kind of sword plant around here. That would carpet really nicely!

I have a java fern with about 20 baby ferns growing off it! :)

Very nice. I want to look for the CFL bulbs, I thought I had purchased the right ones (apparently not). Time to go to home depot!

Last edited by Termato; 03-14-2012 at 03:07 PM..
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Old 03-14-2012, 03:08 PM   #34
 
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The thank button is working again! lol

Very nice. I want to look for the CFL bulbs, I thought I had purchased the right ones (apparently not). Time to go to home depot!
You want daylight with a 6500K rating. I use the GE ones, they are very good in my view, the plants are growing well and I like the slightly cool white. Sylvania and Phillips also make similar, though I have not tried them--they might or might not give the same hue. I use 10w over my 10g and 20g (two bulbs each), but these come in higher wattages which I would look at for the 29g if you go this route.

Last edited by Byron; 03-14-2012 at 05:21 PM.. Reason: correct 120w to 10w
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Old 03-14-2012, 03:13 PM   #35
 
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You want daylight with a 6500K rating. I use the GE ones, they are very good in my view, the plants are growing well and I like the slightly cool white. Sylvania and Phillips also make similar, though I have not tried them--they might or might not give the same hue. I use 120w over my 10g and 20g (two bulbs each), but these come in higher wattages which I would look at for the 29g if you go this route.
Yeah, I have a 6500k rated bulb for the 29G but it doesn't look any different than the stock bulb. The new bulb is twice the size....not even more powerful.

The GE ones i use for the my 10 gallon are wonderful, just haven't found them in the 24" yet. I might just order it online. I am still looking through all of these lights you suggested. I will have to do some more research.
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