Originally Posted by Sabledog
New here, but I have been hobby fishkeeping for around 12 years now and had a few questions.
I'm starting up a 29 gallon tank, and plans are to so a sand/flourite mix bottom, planted tank. Now I'm trying to decide if i want to convert an existing light hood from incandescent to compact flourescent (if
I can find the bulbs) or go with an LED light setup, What I need to know is if the LED lights are going to be sufficient to meet the live plants needs, or are the CFL bulbs going to suit the tank better? I'm trying to shoot for around 2 WPG equivalent with either light setup. Either one is going to be a DIY project, because I do not have 100$ to drop on a new fixture.
As far as stock goes, im very limited to what I can put in, I live at a really high elevation and have found there are some fish who just cannot survive it (plecos, angels, gouramis). I have a current setup 10g planted with harlequin rasboras and a male betta and they seem to be doing ok (had the H. rasboras for over a year and the betta for about 2 months) I would love to do some dwarf rainbows in the new 29 gallon tank, a school of von rio tetras and possibly some dwarf cories. But have not tried any at this altitude (7800 ft above sea level) so any suggestions on how to make the transition easier? They have to travel from denver to the mountains, about a 2 hour trip. (it is the closest place to buy any fish)
thanks in advance for any advice!
Welcome to Tropical Fish Keeping forum. Glad to have you with us.
Some of this will repeat what's been said by other members, but I'll just respond to your questions as best as I can. I agree on the light as zof suggested, nothing to add there except that wattage bears no accurate relationship to intensity. Over a 29g with CFL bulbs, three will be sufficient. The standard screw-in fit regular receptacles, and three 10w or 3 13w will work fine. No idea about the cover issue, but I use a glass cover on my tanks and find it good. There is heat generated by the lights, and you need something clear between the light bulbs and the water to prevent splashing and condensation on the bulbs which will explode if splashed. You can buy nice glass covers for standard-sized tanks that are not expensive. The front slides back or lifts up for feeding.
Filters: on a 20g one internal will be sufficient. Live plants do the major job of filtration anyway, plus you don't want a lot of water movement both for the plants and the fish.
Mixing substrates seldom works, unless both are the same colour and same sized grains. Having sand, fine gravel and Flourite substrates in various of my tanks, I can say you will be fine with plain sand. Have as look at the photos under "Aquariums" below my name on the left; the log mentions the substrate in each tank, and plant growth for me is good whichever.
On the fish, will only point you to our profiles, second tab from the left in the blue bar across the top. Info on water parameters, tank size, numbers (for shoaling fish which you mention), etc. are in the profiles.