How does one properly cycle a 3 gallon tank? - Tropical Fish Keeping - Aquarium fish care and resources
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post #1 of 17 Old 01-19-2013, 06:51 PM Thread Starter
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How does one properly cycle a 3 gallon tank?

Hello, I have a 3 gallon tank that houses one male betta.
There are also 3 moss balls in the tank.
I have a 3 gallon filter and a 10 watt heater in there too plus an LED light.
I just tested my water and it seems as though it isn't cycled.
I thought it was cycled, but I guess not. I went on a 10 day trip, and left the tank to my pet sitter, so I missed one water change, but am going to do that tomorrow.
I just tested the water, So there is no ammonia, but there is 0.25 nitrite. There is 0 nitrate.
I do 50% water changes one week, and then the next week a do a 100% water change and so on, but I leave a little bit of water at the bottom with the gravel with 100% water changes.
I also leave the filter in a bucket of old aquarium water, so the bacteria does not die.

How do I properly cycle this little tank?





✿ Mushi ムシ and Hotaru ホタル Fancy Goldfish in 55 gallon planted tank
✿ Pumkin the Platy and Neon Tetras, Rescues, 7 gallon planted tank
✿R.I.P✿
Valentine, Moonshine and Moonbeam the Bettas
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post #2 of 17 Old 01-19-2013, 06:57 PM
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I would just add some live plants. And with a Betta, floating plants like Water Sprite are ideal. This takes up a vast amount of ammonia/ammonium and you should never see nitrite, and perhaps not nitrate either, in a tank with fast growing plants. And floating plants are fast growing.

Click the shaded name for the profile with pictures of the Water Sprite. Another good floating plant is Brazilian Pennywort a stem plant that can be left floating.

Byron.

Byron Hosking, BMus, MA
Vancouver, BC, Canada

The aquarist is one who must learn the ways of the biologist, the chemist, and the veterinarian. [unknown source]

Something we all need to remember: The fish you've acquired was quite happy not being owned by you, minding its own business. If youíre going to take it under your wing then youíre responsible for it. Every aspect of its life is under your control, from water quality and temperature to swimming space. [Nathan Hill in PFK]
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post #3 of 17 Old 01-19-2013, 07:40 PM
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I use Anacharis and Duckweed right now in my betta's 5.5 gal. I've also used Wistera with the Anacharis.

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post #4 of 17 Old 01-19-2013, 09:53 PM
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Ditto the plants. My daughter kept her betta in a smallish pitcher, about a gallon, and not only changed her water but scrubbed the pitcher, gravel and rocks every five days. I dont think she let any bacteria grow but she had a moss ball and a couple of very healthy green cabomba stems. Never had a problem, cycling wasn't even a consideration. Of course he now has more space in a 37 gallon tank. I moved the cobomba to the large tank and it withered and died, the only plant that did that, I think it didn't like the higher temperature.

Of course this doesn't deal with your nitrites, so just do a 100% water change and drop in the plants. One fish and 5 gallons, one decent sized floater ought to do it, maybe two for redundancy.

Jeff


Total years fish keeping experience: 7 months, can't start counting in years for a while yet.

The shotgun approach to a planted tank with an LED fixture

Small scale nitrogen cycle with a jar, water and fish food; no substrate, filter etc

Last edited by JDM; 01-19-2013 at 09:57 PM.
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post #5 of 17 Old 01-19-2013, 09:59 PM Thread Starter
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Thanks all!
I have some java moss, will that be ok?
I'm terrible at growing plants, I've even killed some anubias, which is very hard to kill.
Do I need any new things besides what I have in my tank currently for the plants to grow?
my ph is about 7.0-7.5
I'm not positive on the exact number.





✿ Mushi ムシ and Hotaru ホタル Fancy Goldfish in 55 gallon planted tank
✿ Pumkin the Platy and Neon Tetras, Rescues, 7 gallon planted tank
✿R.I.P✿
Valentine, Moonshine and Moonbeam the Bettas
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post #6 of 17 Old 01-19-2013, 10:07 PM
JDM
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Moss can't hurt, but it's so slow a grower that I don't think it is a very good ammonia sink.

Jeff.


Total years fish keeping experience: 7 months, can't start counting in years for a while yet.

The shotgun approach to a planted tank with an LED fixture

Small scale nitrogen cycle with a jar, water and fish food; no substrate, filter etc
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post #7 of 17 Old 01-20-2013, 10:50 AM Thread Starter
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thanks! I will look for some more plants! :)





✿ Mushi ムシ and Hotaru ホタル Fancy Goldfish in 55 gallon planted tank
✿ Pumkin the Platy and Neon Tetras, Rescues, 7 gallon planted tank
✿R.I.P✿
Valentine, Moonshine and Moonbeam the Bettas
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post #8 of 17 Old 01-20-2013, 01:11 PM
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Anacharis is cheap and is a fast grower. I swear it grows a couple inches a day in my tanks! You can float it or root it in the gravel. I do both.

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post #9 of 17 Old 01-20-2013, 01:16 PM
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agree with the above.

perhaps the moss ball will be sufficient for a 3g.

But few bunches of anacharis couldn't hurt.


my .02

maintain Fw and marine system with a strong emphasis on balanced, stabilized system that as much as possible are self substaning.

have maintained FW systems for up to 9 years with descendants from original fish and marine aquariums for up to 8 years.

With no water changes, untreated tap water, inexpensive lighting by first starting the tank with live plants (FW) or macro algae( marine)

see: http://www.tropicalfishkeeping.com/a...-build-295530/
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post #10 of 17 Old 01-20-2013, 01:40 PM
JDM
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I don't trust those moss balls, they look so damn smug.

Jeff.
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Total years fish keeping experience: 7 months, can't start counting in years for a while yet.

The shotgun approach to a planted tank with an LED fixture

Small scale nitrogen cycle with a jar, water and fish food; no substrate, filter etc
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