Food and Nutritional Value
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Food and Nutritional Value

This is a discussion on Food and Nutritional Value within the Beginner Freshwater Aquarium forums, part of the Freshwater Fish and Aquariums category; --> I have enlisted the help of a fellow member in another forum.;) Here's the chart. Below is a summary of all references I have ...

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Food and Nutritional Value
Old 08-13-2007, 09:26 AM   #1
 
Lupin's Avatar
 
Food and Nutritional Value

I have enlisted the help of a fellow member in another forum.;)

Here's the chart.


Below is a summary of all references I have piled up.

Ballast substances
These are effective against intestinal inertia. This frequently occurs, e.g., if discus are fed food low in ballast substances, such as scraped beef heart, for a longer time. Beisdes lacking ballast substances, that kind of nutrition is much too single-sided and does not meet the natural requirements.

Carbohydrates
Benefits: Carbohydrates are utilised by being chemically converted to sugars and then absorbed as an energy source, or being stored in the tissues for later use. Carbohydrates are important because they are essential for the conversion of amino acids and fats into various other components required for normal functioning.
Negative effects: Excessive amounts of carbohydrates in the fish's diet can cause liver degeneration and associated diet-related diseases.

Fats
Benefits: These allow fish to synthesize it with other fatty acids.
Negative effects: Do not use foods containing too much fats. Too much fats will simply accumulate and can cause organ failure in the fish's body system-a case similar to humans. Carnivorous fish will require no more than 6% crude fat content on their diet.

Fiber
Benefits: Herbivorous fish will really benefit from this as fiber is often found in plants they eat.
Negative effects: Fish cannot digest all fiber which is why no more than 10% fiber content is recommended for herbivores and no more than 4% for carnivores and omnivores.

Proteins:
Benefits: growth and development. Young fish will need more proteins compared to the adults. Herbivorous fish have a lower protein requirement compared to carnivores and omnivores.
Deficiency: stunting of fish's growth.
Negative effects: Too much proteins can cause bloat. Herbivorous fish should never be fed with food containing too much proteins as they do not require too much proteins. No more than 30% crude protein content shall be provided to herbivores whereas carnivores will really require at least 45% or more. This will be explained further below.

Minerals
Minerals are important for the fish to maintain a healthy body system. Flake foods often have very adequate mineral content and have a much longer shelf life compared to vitamins.
Below are the following minerals with information provided.

Calcium
Benefits: Fish need calcium like we do. This is important for strong bone structure thus preventing bone defects.
Deficiency: Deformed bones are often a result from lack of calcium.

Copper
Deficiency: Reduced growth, cataracts

Iodine
Benefits: Iodine is also very important preventing goiter in fish.
Deficiency: This is a very common mineral deficiency in fish. A fish lacking in iodine can suffer goiter, an inflammation in the thyroid glands.
Treatment: Iodine can be found iodized table salt. The use of table salt, however, is widely debated although most fishkeepers have used it with absolutely no problems.

Iron
Deficiency: Reduced growth and poor food conversion, anemia
Negative effects: Too much iron can damage or even kill the fish.

Magnesium
Deficiency: Reduced growth, cataracts, bone deformation, degeneration of muscles, behavioural changes

Manganese
Deficiency: Reduced growth, dwarfism, abnormal tail growth, cataracts

Phosphorus
Benefits: Prevention and recovery of fish from Head and Lateral Line Erosion (HLLE)
Deficiency: Lack of phosphorus can cause HLLE
Treatment: Foods available for the fish should contain large quantities of calcium, phosphorus and other trace elements. Fish often rely on foods rather than the water for proper growth and development. Plants are said to contain phosphorus so they can be beneficial in almost every tank.

Selenium
Deficiency: Reduced growth, cataracts, muscular dystrophy

Zinc
Deficiency: Reduced growth, high mortality, dwarfism, fin/skin erosion

Vitamins
Vitamins, unlike minerals, are not stable even in prepared food. Refrigerating will prevent deterioration of vitamin content however, it is best recommended to buy food that can be consumed in 2 months or even less. Remember that each and every time, you open a package of food, vitamins gradually deteriorate as they are exposed to air and light. Air and light destroy the vitamins needed by the fish.






Sources
Anne who originally owned the charts and information made available here
Aquarium Design
Beauty in Glass
Nutrition 101
Practical Fishkeeping magazine
Sera Guide: How to feed your tropical fish naturally, by Dieter Untergasser
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Old 08-23-2007, 08:53 PM   #2
 
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While this may seem irrelevant to some of us, the foods listed along with the ingredients and nutritional value will allow us to pick the right food for certain species of fish.

African Cichlid Attack sinking pelets
Contributor: GregV
Ingredients
Fish meal, Wheat flour, shrimp meal, soybean meal, grain starch, squid meal, fish oil, corn gluten meal, whole pea powder, soy lecithin.

Guaranteed Analysis
Min. Crude Protein-45%
Max. Crude Fiber-3.5%
Min. Crude Fat-12%
Max. Moisture-10%
Max. Ash- 13.5%/

Frenzy
Flake Frenzy tropical flakes
Contributor: GregV
Ingredients
Fish meal, Wheat flour, pre gelatinized starch, fish oil, Brewers yeast, lecithin, Roe, Spirulina, Capsicum, Krill mean, frozen brine shrimp, carrot root, green pea powder, spinach, beet powder, garlic, alfalfa, lettuce, zucchini, squid meal

Guaranteed Analysis
Min. Crude Protein-37%
Max. Crude Fiber-4%
Min. Crude Fat-11%
Max. Moisture-10%
Max. Ash- 12%/

Omega One Marine Flakes
Contributor: Tangyman
Ingredients
Whole Herring, Whole Salmon, Halibut, Black Cod, Seafood Mix(Whole Krill, Rockfish, Whole Shrimp, Squid, Clams, Salmon Eggs, and Octopus), Wheat Flour, Wheat Gluten, Fresh Kelp, Spirulina, Lecithin, Astaxanthin, L-Ascorbyl-2-Phosphate(Source of Vitamin C), Natural and Artificial Colors, Vitamin A Acetate, Vitamin D3 Supplement, Vitamin E Supplement, Vitamin B12 Supplement, Riboflavin, Niacin, Panthothenic Acid, Folic Acid, Biotin, Inositol, Tecopherol(Preservative), Ethoxyquin(Preservative)

Guaranteed Analysis
Min. Crude Protein-43%
Min. Crude Fat-11%
Max. Crude Fiber-2%
Max. Moisture-8.5%
Max.Ash-8%
Min. Phosphorus-(.5%)
Min. Omega 3-2%
Min. Omega 6-1%

O.S.I.
O.S.I. Marine Flakes
Source: http://www.poseidonsrealm.com/foods.htm
Guaranteed Analysis
Min. Crude Protein-47%
Min. Crude Fat-8%
Max. Crude Fiber-8%
Max. Moisture-8%

O.S.I. Spirulina Flakes
Source: http://www.poseidonsrealm.com/foods.htm
Guaranteed Analysis
Min. Crude Protein-41%
Min. Crude Fat-4%
Max. Crude Fiber-6%
Max. Moisture-8%

Otto Premium Arowana Blend
Contributor: Lupin
Ingredients
high quality fresh fish meal, krill, milk powder, carotene, carotenoids, shrimp meal, wheat gluten, soybean torula dried yeast, fish oils, enzymes, PSB, licorice root powder, vitamins & minerals

Guaranteed Analysis
Min. Crude Protein-45%
Max. Crude Fiber-8%
Min. Crude Fat-5%
Max. Moisture-8%
Min. Vitamins-450mg/kg

San Francisco Bay Brand Sally's Frozen Brine Shrimp
Contributor: jim21
Ingredients
Artemia sp.

Guaranteed Analysis
Crude Protien Min. 5.02%
Crude Fat Min. .24%
Crude Fiber Max. .29%
Moisture Max. 92.5%
Sera
Please check this site for more information on Sera products. For English translation, simply click one of the options on the right side of the website.
Sera Cichlid Sticks
Ingredients

Guaranteed Analysis
Crude protein-37.2%
Crude fats-4.3%
Crude fiber-1.9%
Calcium-1.9%
Phosphorus-0.4%

Sera O-nip
Contributor: Lupin
Ingredients
fish proteins, fish byproducts, wheat meal, wheat protein, wheat germ mussels, spirulina, sea algae, krill, plankton, freeze-dried bloodworms, daphnia, grinded herbs, vitamins, colourants

Guaranteed Analysis
Crude protein-47.8%
Crude fat-8%
Crude fibre-2.1%
Crude ash-11.7%
Phosphorus-1.6%
Calcium-2.4%

Sera Vipan
Ingredients

Guaranteed Analysis
Crude protein-46.2%
Crude fats-7.9%
Crude fiber-2.3%
Calcium-1.7%
Phosphorus-0.9%

Tetra
TetraColor Tropical Flakes
Contributor: Tangyman
Ingredients
Fish meal, ground brown rice, dried yeast, shrimp meal, wheat gluten , potato protein, feeding oat meal, soybean oil, fish oil, algae meal, sorbitol, lecithin, yeast extract, ascorbic acid, source of Vitamin C, inositol, niacin, riboflavin-5, phosphate, A-tecopherol-acetate (source of Vitamin E), D-calcium pantothenate, L-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate (stabilized Vitamin C), thiamine mononitrate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, Vitamin A palmita (source of Vitamin A), menadione sodium bisulfite complex, biotin, cyanobalamin (soruce of Vit. B12), cholicalciferol (source of Vit. D3), color include: beta carotene, blue 2 lake, red 3 dye, yellow 5 lake, yellow 6 lake ethoxyquin as a preservative and anti-oxidant

Guaranteed Analysis
Min. Crude Protein 49.0%
Min. Crude Fat 9.0%
Max. Crude Fiber 2.0%
Max. Moisture 6.0%
Min. Phosphorus 1.3%
Min Vitamin A 10,000 IU/KG
Min Vit. E 110 IU/KG
Min. Biotin 1MG/KG
Min. Ascorbic Acid(Vit.C) 206 MG/KG
Min. OMEGA-3 fatty acids 8,000 MG/KG

TetraColor Tropical Granules
Contributor: jim21
Ingredients
Fish meal, ground brown rice, dried yeast, shrimp meal, wheat gluten , potato protein, feeding oat meal, soybean oil, fish oil, algae meal, sorbitol, lecithin, yeast extract, ascorbic acid, source of Vitamin C, inositol, niacin, riboflavin-5, phosphate, A-tecopherol-acetate (source of Vitamin E), D-calcium pantothenate, L-ascorbyl-2-polyphosphate (stabilized Vitamin C), thiamine mononitrate, pyridoxine hydrochloride, Vitamin A palmita (source of Vitamin A), menadione sodium bisulfite complex, biotin, cyanobalamin (soruce of Vit. B12), cholicalciferol (source of Vit. D3), color include: beta carotene, blue 2 lake, red 3 dye, yellow 5 lake, yellow 6 lake ethoxyquin as a preservative and anti-oxidant

Guaranteed Analysis
Min. Crude Protein-47.5%
Min. Crude Fat-6.5%
Max Crude Fiber-2.0%
Max. Moisture-6.0%
Min. Phosphorus-1.5%
Min. Ascorbic Acid (Vit. C)-100 MG/KG.

TetraMin Tropical Flakes
Contributor: GregV
Ingredients
fish meal, dried yeast, ground brown rice,shrimp meal, wheat gluten,potato protien, feeding oat meal, dehulled soybean meal, fish oil, soybean meal, algae meal.

Guaranteed Analysis
Min. Crude Protein-46%
Max. Crude Fiber-2%
Min. Crude Fat-8%
Max. Moisture-6%
Min phosphoris 1.3%
Min. Vitamin C-193mg/kg Min. Biotin 1MG/KG
Min. Ascorbic Acid(Vit.C) 206 MG/KG
Min. OMEGA-3 fatty acids 8,000 MG/KG
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Old 03-03-2008, 11:31 PM   #3
 
Fish oil is recommended for a healthy diet because it contains the omega-3 fatty acids eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), precursors to eicosanoids that reduce inflammation throughout the body.Medical usages of fish oil can also be found in details at many treatment based site .
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