Docís the Building an 75 Gallon planted tank
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Docís the Building an 75 Gallon planted tank

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Docís the Building an 75 Gallon planted tank
Old 08-31-2012, 07:47 PM   #1
 
Docís the Building an 75 Gallon planted tank

Hello all,
I am attempting to build a 75 gallon Planted tank, I was going to go with a 90 Gallon but could not get transportation to my house for it (my car is very small).
I have been building a nice stand for it along with designing some of the equipment that I can make myself lighting etc. I plan on using LED lighting of which I will use Arduinio technology to control some of the equipment as needed.
I have already decided on the livestock and in the planning choosing of the plants that I would like. I have also ordered an API master test kit as well as a water hardness test kit to check my water parameters. I have gotten a local water report on the parameters in my city but need to make sure I know all of them as this will decide on what equipment if any is needed in addition.
I hope that as this gets going I can help on additional help as I get this puppy rolling thanks to all that have helped me so far
Doc
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Old 09-01-2012, 08:27 AM   #2
 
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I can offer a few tips.
Gravel or Sand:
I think its split 50-50 between fishkeepers. Do a search to see what the pro's and con's are. I have Seachems Flourite in my 75 gallon and wished I had chosen a differant substrate. After carefully cleaning it and placing it in the tank, I realized after the tank cycled, that it needed much better cleaning. So I removed all ornaments, fish and plants and placed them in another tank. I used the tanks water as the first step in the cleaning process. I purchased a fine mesh seive and with a large plastic spoon, scooped out the gravel into the seive and dunked it multiple times. Afterwhich, the gravel was placed in 5 gallon buckets and taken to the sink for a final rinse using the seive once again.
When I placed it back into the tank, I was disappointed. My efforts showed a little improvement.
This material is made of clay and just leaches too much fine material. So I continued to use it and it took 6 months for the leaching to slow down. My sponges and micron filters were not getting clogged up as much now. So my vote is for another type of substrate.

Suction Intake at top of tank:
Be careful how tight you make the clamps when attaching the hose. The wall thickness on some cannister components cannot tolerate too much pressure when clamping and will allow air to get into the cannister. In my situation, I made my own suction intake with pvc and a barbed fitting.
Right now, I am looking into the possibility of using grey electrical pvc for part of the assembly to replace the white pvc. The white pvc stands out too much; especially when one has a black background.

Backgrounds:
I believe most fishkeepers prefer a black background because it makes the plants stand out so much more. Some paint the backs of their tanks while others use a background bought at the fish store.
If you decide to go with a black background, the best is to use something with a non-reflective finish because when viewing the tank from the front, you do not want to see the window behind you or anything else in the room that may reflect. I think an arts and craft store may have something to use.

Livestock and Plants:
At the top of the page, You will see a link to tropical fish profiles and this link also has plants listed. Use it to determine your final pick of livestock and plants and also obtain a compatibility fish chart.

Let us know how things are progressing. There are many who can offer solutions if you run into a problem.
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Old 09-01-2012, 10:00 AM   #3
 
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Do you intend for this tank to be a high light tank or low light tank? That will influence the types of plants you can keep as well as some equipment (ferts and CO2) that you may need. High light tanks are also higher maintenance, because the plants grow at a faster rate and require trimming, and you need to make sure that the CO2 is working and dose the ferts.

Also, make sure that your tank is well planted from the start. That will help combat algae as there will be more plants to compete with the algae. Also, if your water is on the harder side look into getting some nerite snails, as they are absolute algae-eating machines. The only down-side is that they lay little white eggs that never hatch (as they need brackish water to breed), but I've heard that the horned varieties don't lay eggs in the tank.
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Old 09-01-2012, 12:37 PM   #4
 
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Welcome to Tropical Fish Keeping forum.

As has been suggested, knowing a bit more on your intentions with respect to fish species and plant species, and the type of aquascape, will help us narrow down this and that. Filtration for instance depends upon the type of fish, some need more water current, many little or minimal. Light also plays into this. And substrate; fish like corys will be better with sand as an example.

Byron.
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Old 09-11-2012, 12:42 PM   #5
 
the plan so far

I have been reading some on the CO2 reactors and just what they do. what I am wondering is I plan on a heavy planted tank with low light required plants and the livestock will be some Scalare angels,cats,a few plecos the small ones all with the knowledge of their full grown sizes in mind so as to not over stock the tank. I have to and will run the water tests soon as I just got the last of the water testing stuff and make some determinations thereof. I also am planning on placing a driftwood stump and well as some twigs in the tank and am planning on as I place water in the tank once everything is placed in there the play sand plants and driftwood on how much displacement there is I know there will be some so I would know the amount of water is actually in the tank. I want to do this for my info to keep track of it for meds if needed etc. and to calculate the water change amount needed weekly. I plan to keep logs on everything just so I remember what I have done etc. I also plan on a 3d background but not on the inside of tank on the outside on the back still have not figured that one out still figuring it out. Filtering will be done by one or two marineland 350's one for main flow the other for filter material if needed. I plan to make the intake and output of these filters customized out of PVC to allow for even flow across the tank I know for angels they do not require great flow and I figure the idea I have will allow for this more on that later. Led lighting with Arduinio controls.
Doc
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Old 09-11-2012, 01:25 PM   #6
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by drhemlock2 View Post
I have been reading some on the CO2 reactors and just what they do. what I am wondering is I plan on a heavy planted tank with low light required plants and the livestock will be some Scalare angels,cats,a few plecos the small ones all with the knowledge of their full grown sizes in mind so as to not over stock the tank. I have to and will run the water tests soon as I just got the last of the water testing stuff and make some determinations thereof. I also am planning on placing a driftwood stump and well as some twigs in the tank and am planning on as I place water in the tank once everything is placed in there the play sand plants and driftwood on how much displacement there is I know there will be some so I would know the amount of water is actually in the tank. I want to do this for my info to keep track of it for meds if needed etc. and to calculate the water change amount needed weekly. I plan to keep logs on everything just so I remember what I have done etc. I also plan on a 3d background but not on the inside of tank on the outside on the back still have not figured that one out still figuring it out. Filtering will be done by one or two marineland 350's one for main flow the other for filter material if needed. I plan to make the intake and output of these filters customized out of PVC to allow for even flow across the tank I know for angels they do not require great flow and I figure the idea I have will allow for this more on that later. Led lighting with Arduinio controls.
Doc
With the layout you have outlined, I would not mess with CO2. It will not be needed (the lower light and nutrients will not balance added CO2 so it is ineffective).

For filter I would only have one, and one that is rated for the tank. The fish and plants require such.

As for water volume, I believe I read somewhere that one can usually consider a 10-15% loss of volume due to substrate, wood/rock, etc. When you initially fill the tank, after these items are in it obviuosly, you could use a pail of say 2 or 3 gallons to determine the volume.

Byron.
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Old 09-11-2012, 10:11 PM   #7
 
tap water test 09/11/2012 9:30 pm

tap water as of 9/11/2012
i was able to test my tap water tonight and here is what i have found. what do you think i am a little concerned about the KH will i need to conpensate to bring it down for angels some small plecos and some cories?
13 KH
6.6 PH
.025 Ammonia
0 nitrate
0 nitrite
thanks
doc
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Old 09-12-2012, 12:07 AM   #8
 
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If you build 75 gallon planted tank than it was very scary at first, but with the supports I have added, I am feeling alot better about it, I think that will be fine. I am also adding one more grip tomorrow, and that will be it. This tank is used for planted many plants.
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Old 09-12-2012, 01:10 PM   #9
 
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Quote:
Originally Posted by drhemlock2 View Post
tap water as of 9/11/2012
i was able to test my tap water tonight and here is what i have found. what do you think i am a little concerned about the KH will i need to conpensate to bring it down for angels some small plecos and some cories?
13 KH
6.6 PH
.025 Ammonia
0 nitrate
0 nitrite
thanks
doc
If this is KH (carbonate hardness, or Alkalinity) it has no effect on fish or plants. The KH tends to buffer the pH, keeping it stable, and with the pH at 6.6 this is perfect for angelfish and other soft acidic water fish. Do you know the measurement format for this, meaning 13 dKH or 13 ppm or 13 mg/liter?

If you meant GH (general hardness) that is quite different, but i won't go into that unless asked.

Byron.
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Old 09-12-2012, 03:12 PM   #10
 
KH testing

i usedtropic marin KH alkalinity test and after reading the instructions it does not say ppm etc. i used the more sensitive test of 10ml x the number of drops shaking the bottle before hand and inverting the test tube a few times just to be sure. wait a minute it is ppm
doc
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