10-10-2008, 06:48 PM
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to add to that and a correction. you go from ammonia to nitrite and then nitrate. you can't go from ammonia straight to nitrate. also you'd know when your tank is cycled when the supplied ammonia that you added for example 2ppm along with nitrites is depleted within 8-12 hours. it usually thanks 3-6 weeks to cycle and sometimes longer. good aeration at the water surface and mid to high 80s in temperature aids in the process. fishless is best for the fish and the plants. don't waste your money on specimens that you invested money into. you just may end up replacing them.